The Establishment of the Church of Christ (by Wayne Jackson)August 6 2013 at 12:01 AM
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The Establishment of the Church of Christ
By Wayne Jackson
The precious organism, known in the common versions of the New Testament as the church of Jesus Christ, is a unique entity. Its pristine integrity must ever be preserved, and its beauty valued by every genuine Christian of the modern world.
The church is a body of baptized believers who have been calledthrough the gospel (2 Thessalonians 2:14)into a special relationship with God. That it shares a bond with the workings of Jehovah throughout the history of the Old Testament era will scarcely be denied. It is not surprising, therefore, that the nomenclature applied to the people of God in the New Testament should find some parallel in the literature of the Old Testament.
The Lord's people under the former regime were designated as "Israel." The church is the new "Israel of God" (Galatians 6:16; Romans 2:28-29). As the church is now God's ekklesia (the called out), so there was an ekklesia (congregation) of the Lord's people in the days of Moses (Acts 7:38).
There was a divinely-designed "house of God" under the Mosaic economy; so today the church is "the house of God" (Isaiah 2:2; Ephesians 2:19; 1 Timothy 3:15; 1 Peter 4:17). Having said that, it must be emphasized that the New Testament church is a distinct organisma regime characterized by a new, fresh character, uncluttered by the "carnal ordinances" of the former dispensation (cf. Hebrews 9:10).
The Church--Not an Afterthought
There is a common notion among dispensational premillennialists that the church is merely an emergency planan "interim measure"conceived by God as a consequence of the Jewish rejection of the Messiah (Kevin 1960, 352). Such a view is wholly at variance with the Scriptures.
The church was in the mind of God before the foundation of the world (cf. Ephesians 1:4). Paul argues that the manifold wisdom of God is made known "through the church," according to the "eternal purpose" (literally, "plan of the ages") which was realized in the mission of Christ (Ephesians 3:10-11). Dispensationalism reflects a complete misunderstanding of the nature of the Lord's church.
The Church in Prophecy
Dispensationalists allege that the "outcalling of the Church" was "hidden from the O. T. prophets" (Scofield 1945, 914). But that simply is not true. There are significant, specific details in Hebrew prophecy concerning the establishment of the church of Christ. Consider the following facts:
- It was prophetically announced that the kingdom of Christ (which is the church [Matthew 16:18-19]) would be established during the administration of the Roman Empire (Daniel 2:44). This was at the commencement of this current agebiblically designated as "the last days" (Isaiah 2:2-4; Joel 2:28ff).
- The prophets foretold that the house of God (the church [1 Timothy 3:15]) would be set up in Jerusalem (Isaiah 2:2-4).
- The Old Testament Scriptures declared that the church would be international in scope; eventually, "all nations" would flow unto it (Isaiah 2:2).
These prophecies were fulfilled with flawless precision.
The fulfillment of Bible prophecies regarding the establishment of Christ's church is a fascinating study indeed. Let us look at some of these matters.
When Was the Church Established?
Views as to the time of the church's establishment are both diverse and extreme. Some contend that the church has existed since the Garden of Edena theory that hardly comports with the chronology of the Roman regime (Daniel 2:44), or is consistent with the phrase "the last days" (Isaiah 2:2).
A more popular view in early days of the twentieth century, particularly among our Baptist friends, was the notion that Christ set up the church during the days of his personal ministry.
In 1938 in Little Rock, Arkansas, Ben N. Bogard, founder of the Landmark Missionary Baptist Church, debated with N. B. Hardeman on a variety of propositions. In one of these Bogard argued: "The church of the New Testament was set up and organized by Jesus Christ during his personal ministry on earth" (1938, 158).
Somehow it never occurred to Dr. Bogard that there was no New Testament during the personal ministry of Christ (Hebrews 9:15-17), hence, there hardly could have been a "New Testament Church" at that time.
Most Baptist scholars have abandoned this untenable position and now concede that the church had its genesis on the day of Pentecost, as recorded in Acts 2. The late Dr. H. C. Thiessen, former chairman of the graduate school at Wheaton College, wrote: "The Church was born in Jerusalem on the Day of Pentecost with 3,000 converts" (1955, 136).
In 1983, the faculty of the Dallas Theological Seminary produced the New Testament segment of The Bible Knowledge Commentary. Professors Louis Barbieri Jr. and Stanley Toussaint (authors of the sections on Matthew and Acts, respectively) both contended for the establishment of the church on the day of Pentecost (Walvoord and Zuck 1983, 58, 357). Only a few rather obscure clerics continue to argue for the personal-ministry theory (Ross 1976, chapter 19).
But the evidence is quite conclusive. "Jehovah's house" was to be "established" in "the last days" (Isaiah 2:2). In Acts 2, Peter identified the events of Pentecost: "[T]his is that which hath been spoken through the prophet Joel" (v. 16). Joel had foretold the outpouring of the Spirit in "the last days" (Joel 2:28-30). Later, Peter would again allude to the events of Pentecost, identifying that day as "the beginning" (Acts 11:15). According to Professor John Polhill, dean of the theology school at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, "the beginning" was on Pentecost at "the birth of the church" (1992, 95, 267).
Additionally, Jesus had declared that the kingdom (the church [Matthew 16:18-19]) would come with power (Mark 9:1). Later he affirmed that the power would be received when the Spirit was poured out (Acts 1:8). Since the Spirit was given on Pentecost (Acts 2:4), logic demands that the church was established that day.
Finally, this point: The church was to be grounded upon the precious stone that had been tested and rejected (Isaiah 28:16; Psalm 118:22). But that rejection was finalized when the Jews killed God's Son (cf. Matthew 21:38-42). Hence, the church was not established until after the death of Jesus. In fact, it was purchased by the blood which Christ shed (Acts 20:28).
Where Was the Church To Be Established?
This writer once debated with a Baptist gentleman who contended that the church was established in Galilee during the earthly ministry of Jesus. But the "house" of Isaiah's prophecy was to be set up in Jerusalem. Consultation of a map of Palestine will reveal that Jerusalem is not in Galilee.
The prophet Isaiah alluded to the church's foundation. He described a precious corner stone that was to be laid in Zion (28:16). Zion is Jerusalem. Later, Paul would expand this symbolism, showing that the "household of God" was erected upon the teaching of the apostles and prophets, and that Christ Jesus himself was this "chief corner stone" (Ephesians 2:19-20)an obvious allusion to Isaiah's prophecy.
The point is clear: if the foundation was to be laid in Jerusalem, surely the superstructure was not erected in Galilee. Such a notion wreaks havoc with the consistency of the biblical imagery.
The Universal Scope of the Church
As noted earlier, the church was to be universal in scope. All nations were to be granted access to this sacred domain. In Ephesians 2, Paul emphatically shows that Heaven's plan was that both Jews and Gentiles be united in that "one body" (vv. 11-22). Moreover, as the book of Revelation indicates, their eternal destiny is to be the same (7:4-9).
How very odd, then, that dispensationalists should argue that God's plan for Israel is national and earthly, while his goal for the Gentiles is church-oriented and heavenly.
Lewis Sperry Chafer, founder of the Dallas Theological Seminary, argued that the "eschatology" (final disposition) of Judaism is "different at every point" from that of Christianity. He asserted:
In the case of Israel, the thing to be desired was long life "upon the land [Palestine], which the Lord thy God giveth thee," whereas the Christian's hope is the prospect of the imminent coming of Christ to take away His Church from the earth (1951, 57).
This eschatological segregation between Israel and the church has no basis in fact.
The Establishment of the Church--A Divine Event
The Christian movement was not a religious system that gradually evolved out of the cultural elements of the antique world. It had a dramatic beginning point. There are no traces of its roots in either Assyria, Babylon, Egypt, Greece, or Rome. Prior to the spring of A.D. 30, the church of Jesus Christ did not exist.
True, it had been in a state of intense preparation for the more than three years that spanned the ministries of John the Baptizer and Jesus. But it exploded into existence on a single day of earth's history. And even though the Mosaic system was likewise designed to prepare the way for the coming of Christianity (Galatians 3:24-25), the religion of Jesus was so strikingly different from the Hebrew regime that it aroused the hostility of many Jews for the first four decades of its existenceuntil the Jewish state fell to the Romans in A.D. 70.
From the day of its commencement, however, Christianity was a significant religious forcenot only in the immediate Palestinean world, but also in the remote corners of the Roman Empire. Seemingly, the church came out of nowhere, and yet, very soon it was "everywhere" (cf. Acts 28:22).
On the day of Pentecost, the community of Jewish believers consisted of a minimum of three thousand persons (Acts 2:41). If this figure embraced only those immersed that day, then the total number of disciplesincluding those prepared by John the Baptist (Matthew 3:5-6) and those immersed by the Lord's disciples (John 4:1-2)must have been significantly larger.
Within a relatively short period, the church had grown so rapidly that it contained some five thousand adult men (Acts 4:4)in addition to thousands of women. It has been calculated that by the time Stephen was killed (Acts 7:60), the saints in Jerusalem numbered no fewer than twenty thousand souls (Kistemaker 1990, 148). This would have constituted more than one third of the city's populationestimated at some fifty-five thousand (Jeremias 1969, 83).
Add to these data this interesting fact: the initial impact of the gospel was within the Jewish community. As indicated above, thousands of Jews converted to Christianity. Now it is an indisputable fact that the Hebrews were strict monotheists. To them, there was but one deity. And yet, without controversy is the fact that Jesus made the claim of being deity (cf. John 5:18; 8:58; 10:30). Surely only the most powerful sort of evidence (e.g., the Lord's resurrection from the grave) could have persuaded the Hebrew mind to acknowledge the humble Nazarene as God (cf. John 20:28).
In logic the principle of causation asserts: every effect must have an adequate cause. What is the cause behind the establishment of the primitive church? There must be some reasonable explanation for the abrupt commencement of this movement.
If no satisfactory answer can be found in naturalism, one must look to a supernatural cause for Christianity's commencement. A number of lines of evidence lead irresistibly to the conclusion that there is no reasonable way to explain the beginning of the church other than by a divine orchestration. (See also The Origin of Christianity.)
The Doctrinal Unity of the Original Church
When the church was established under the tutelage of the inspired apostles, there was oneness of doctrine. No sectarian discord reflecting divergent theologies cluttered the early landscape of the Christian movement.
Luke records: "And they continued steadfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers" (Acts 2:42). The sacred historian says that "all that believed were together" (v. 44). The term "together" does not refer necessarily to a specific locale; rather, the Lord's people were together in sentiment.
Daily, the disciples were operating "with one accord" (v. 46). Doubtless it was this unity, at least in part, that elicited the "favor of all the people" (v. 47). Yes, "the multitude of them that believed were of one heart and of one soul" (v. 32). Why do men have such difficulty in seeing that religious unity is what the Lord desires for his church?
Sadly, though, as the centuries unfolded, numerous departures from the faith became apparent (Acts 20:28-30; 2 Thessalonians 2:1ff; 1 Timothy 4:1ff; 2 Timothy 4:1ff). Eventually, the world of modern sectarianism was fully formed.
What a glaring contrast there now is between the current state of religious confusion and the church that was ushered into this world on that Pentecost almost two millennia ago. Surely there can be a no more thrilling plea than this: "Let us return to the pattern of the original church."
- Bogard, Ben M. and N. B. Hardeman. 1938. Hardeman-Bogard Debate. Nashville, TN: Gospel Advocate Co..
- Chafer, L. S. 1951. Dispensationalism. Dallas, TX: Dallas Seminary Press.
- Jeremias, Joachim. 1969. Jerusalem in the Time of Jesus. London, England: SCM Press.
- Kevin, E. F. 1960. Baker's Dictionary of Theology. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker.
- Kistemaker, Simon. 1990. Exposition of the Acts of the Apostles. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker.
- Polhill, John. 1992. The New American Commentary--Acts. Nashville, TN: Broadman.
- Ross, Bob. 1976. Campbellism--Its History and Heresies. Pasadena, TX: Pilgrim Publications.
- Scofield, C. I. 1945. The Scofield Reference Bible. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
- Thiessen, H. C. 1955. Introduction to the New Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.
- Walvoord, John and Roy Zuck. 1983. The Bible Knowledge Commentary--New Testament. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books.
The Church of Jesus Christ Established in Jerusalem
|August 6 2013, 1:08 AM |
The article deals with the prophecy regarding the establishment of the church, the new "Israel of God." The section "The Church in Prophecy" references Daniel 2, Isaiah 2, Joel 2, even Matt. 16:18-19, in connection with the establishment of the kingdom of Christ, His church.
Fulfillment of this prophecy is described in the book of Acts. The narrative in the first chapter points to the question: "Lord, wilt thou at this time restore again the kingdom to Israel?"
While it was the original intent to publish this article under the thread, "Facts About the Second Coming of Christ," this excellent article as a standalone thread serves and deserves a discussion by and of itself.
The article is specifically about the establishment of the church of Jesus Christ -- not about its history after its founding (by Christ). On that basis, with the church's beginning in Jerusalem, how conflicting and erroneous is the claim that the Roman Catholic Church was the original church established in Rome [not Jerusalem] with Peter as its first pope?
Re: The Church of Jesus Christ Established in Jerusalem
|August 6 2013, 12:33 PM |
As noted, the Kingdom under God's permissive will was a Civil-Military-Clergy kingdom
God ruled even when He abandoned the Monarchy Kingdom to worship the starry host on their way to Babylon for captivity and death
However, for the Godly people
Hebrews 1:1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners
.....spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,
1Peter 1:10 Of which salvation the prophets have inquired and searched diligently,
.....who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you:
1Peter 1:11 Searching what, or what manner of time
.....the Spirit OF Christ which was in them did signify,
.....when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ,
.....and the glory that should follow.
The modern Neo-Babylon Kingdom are FORCED to get their authority from the Kings and the Laws of the Cursed Monarchy and obviously know nothing about Christ in the Prophets even with a Phd.
Hebrews 1:2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son,
whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;
The SON of God was the WORD of God now Visible and Audible in Jesus.
Hebrews 1:3 Who being the brightness of his glory,
.........and the express image of his person,
.........and upholding all things by the word of his power,
.........when he had by himself purged our sins,
.........sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;
Hebrews 1:4 Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.
Hebrews 1:5 For unto which of the angels said he at any time,
.........Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee?
.........And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?
Hebrews 1:6 And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.
Hebrews 1:7 And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.
Hebrews 1:8 But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God,
.........is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.
Hebrews 1:9 Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God,
.........hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
Hebrews 1:10 And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands:
Hebrews 1:11 They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment;
Hebrews 1:12 And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.
Hebrews 1:13 But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?
Hebrews 1:14 Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?
In Isaiah Messiah was to be God's RIGHT HAND. Jesus will sit on the THRONE at the RIGHT or as the POWER until the end. He will give the Throne of His Kingdom back to God. Therefore, if Jesus is not now the King of the invisible, Spiritual kingdom then God has failed, Jesus failed, and nothing of value came from the crucifixion.
Paul discounts the earthly kingdom and jumps back to the Spiritual Covenant God in Christ made with Abraham. Alexander Campbell spends a bit of time on the family nature of the Abrahamic covenant and therefore, the Kingdom of Christs.
THE ROLE of the kingdom as the Church of Christ is practiced and commanded by Paul:
1Timothy 4:13 Till I come, give attendance to [public] reading, to exhortation, to doctrine.
Jesus ordained the Lord's Supper which is to show forth or PREACH His death. If you have a small grasp that Jesus died to be the Only King, High Priest and Teacher and you find yourself humming or singing during that PREACHING to put us in our place, you will go do the Judas Maneuver.
Seeing the world seemingly trying to self destruct should let us know that the world's masses have nothing to do with the Spiritual kingdom which spreads its leaven without a burden to see those OF the world yearn to join.
Elders Who No Longer Teach About the Kingdom
|August 8 2013, 2:10 AM |
The trend in the church has been to avoid discussing controversial religious topics that might offend our denominational neighbors. The most common excuse we hear is the expression: "It is NOT a salvation issue."
Instead, we hear distorted views regarding baptism as a matter of obedience, rather than its purpose, i.e., so that sins will be remitted in the blood of the Lamb. Or, that the church does not teach about "grace" enough without the thought of: "Shall we continue in sin that grace may abound?"
One teaching that is becoming extinct in the church [if not already] is about the kingdom of Christ that was prophesied in the Old Testament and in Matthew 16 and that was fulfilled in Acts 1,2.
What are elders of our mega churches afraid of?
Note in Ephesians 4:11 -- "And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers..."
Apostles ... prophets ... evangelists ... elders!!!
Elders? Yes, elders!!! "Pastors and teachers" refers to the elders of the local congregation. As Ken Sublett has frequently repeated from Scripture: elders must have the qualification and are instructed "to teach that which has been taught."
"I Love Thy Kingdom, Lord ... I Love Thy Church, O God"
|August 8 2013, 2:38 AM |
Here's a hymn that speaks of the kingdom, the church, written by Timothy Dwight (1752-1817), a Congregationalist minister and theologian [emphases, d.c.]:
I Love Thy Kingdom, Lord
I love Thy kingdom, Lord, The house of Thine abode;
The church our blest Redeemer saved With His own precious blood;
I love Thy church, O God! Her walls before Thee stand,
Dear as the apple of Thine eye, And graven on Thy hand.
For her my tears shall fall, For her my prayers ascend;
To her my cares and toils be giv'n, Till toils and cares shall end;
Beyond my highest joy I prize her heav'nly ways,
Her sweet communion, solemn vows, Her hymns of love and praise.
Jesus, Thou Friend divine, Our Savior and our King!
Thy hand from ev'ry snare and foe Shall great deliv'rance bring;
Sure as Thy truth shall last, To Zion shall be giv'n
The brightest glories earth can yield, And brighter bliss of heav'n.
Thanks to the Churches of Christ
|September 7 2013, 8:11 PM |
For those who want to throw the baby out with the bath water:
1. For considering every member as a priest of God, and not just the clergy.
2. For elevating the Written Word above all creeds.
3. For naming the church a name from the Scriptures.
4. For declaring God is fair, in knowing that every person has free will.
5. For making music a pure product of the voice and Written Word.
6. For restoring baptism to its rightful place, after it was defrocked by most Protestants.
7. For giving the congregations power over its own buildings--the congregations has yet to get all its rights back from self-contained elders.
8. For developing faith-repentance-baptism as fundamental in the acquisition of saving grace.
9. For placing correctness above numerical growth.
10. For knowing that one can be a cultural minority and still be proud.