I think this discussion touches upon the purpose of people: Do people exist merely to serve the purposes of organizations? Or, as I believe, do organizations exist for the benefit of people? Organizations in themselves serve little purpose if they don't somehow contribute to the general good of society . . of people.
But, if one subscribes to the former assertion, then people have no inherent value that does not enhance an organization. Thus, in this view, there is no negative to replacing human workers -- as many as possible -- with machines. It is considered irrelevant that most people are dependent today upon having jobs in order to clothe, feed and shelter themselves and their loved ones. Why should we care if people are cold or hungry, so long as efficiencies are achieved and profits are maximized? I have a friend who would say, "Companies have to operate as cheaply as possible in order to stay competitive. If their competitors mechanize and they do not, they will succumb to the market anyway. The workers would still be out of a job. Besides, a job is not a right." How enlightened!
My response to my friend is, "If people can decide to value efficiency and thrift above people, then we can change our values again. If we want people to have value in this equation, then we can press for different decisions . . we can support organizations that operate in concert with our values and not give support to those that do not (This touches upon my view that American consumers need to reject "cheapest price is best" when, as has occurred, cheap prices have put Americans out of work and our economy in shambles).
Again, my friend counters, "Well, that doesn't sound much like Capitalism", and I agree. But, I think Capitalism, or any ideology, is not always right . . and it becomes wrong when it leads us to demean human value. Nothing is inevitable . . . it is up to us to choose. (Another friend, he hails from Nigeria, made this observation to me back on the mid-1990's. "Bob, why do so many Americans support government policies that favor the rich, but few Americans are or ever will be rich? Americans chase this dream that one day they will become rich, if they just work hard enough and take calculated risks, and then they will have preserved this wealth privilege that they hope one day to enjoy. But the reality is that for the great majority, this is just an unrealistic dream." He wanted to know why I was one of these Americans that did this. I didn't agree at the time, but it starts to ring true given the events of the past 10 years. We keep getting told, "Ask the rich to pay less, or you won't even have the low-paying jobs that there are." They are saying, "You are nothing without us.")