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Pearl Harbor Day remembered on 71st anniversary

December 7 2012 at 4:03 PM
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E7  (Login E7)
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Pearl Harbor Day remembered on 71st anniversary

More than 2,000 people are gathering at Pearl Harbor on Friday to mark the 71st anniversary of the Japanese attack that killed thousands of people and launched the United States into World War II.

Ceremonies get under way with a moment of silence at 7:55 a.m., the exact time the bombing began in 1941.

The crew of a Navy guided-missile destroyer will stand on deck while the ship passes the USS Arizona, a battleship that still lies in the harbor where it sank decades ago.

Hawaii Air National Guard aircraft will fly overhead in missing man formation.

The Navy and National Park Service are hosting the ceremonies, which are being held in remembrance of the 2,390 service members and 49 civilians killed in the attack.

Friday events will also give special recognition to members of the Women Airforce Service Pilots, who flew noncombat missions during World War II, and to ray Emory, a 91-year-old Pearl Harbor survivor who has pushed to identify the remains of unknown servicemen.

Admiral Cecil Haney, commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet, is scheduled to give the keynote address at the ceremony. The ceremony will also include a Hawaiian blessing, songs played by the U.S. Pacific Fleet band and a rifle salute from the U.S. Marine Corps.

President Barack Obama marked the day on Thursday by issuing a presidential proclamation, calling for flags to fly at half-staff on Friday and asking all Americans to observe the day of remembrance and honor military service members and veterans.

"Today, we pay solemn tribute to America's sons and daughters who made the ultimate sacrifice at Oahu," Obama said in a statement. "As we do, let us also reaffirm that their legacy will always burn bright whether in the memory of those who knew them, the spirit of service that guides our men and women in uniform today, or the heart of the country they kept strong and free."

The Navy and park service will resume taking visitors to the USS Arizona Memorial, which sits atop the sunken battleship, after the ceremony.

http://newyork.newsday.com/news/nation/pearl-harbor-day-remembered-on-71st-anniversary-1.4303595

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Sir LurkaLot
(Login w00tness)
Satyameva Jayate (India)

Re: Pearl Harbor Day remembered on 71st anniversary

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December 7 2012, 4:59 PM 

USA > CHINA!

Pearl Harbour, never forget!

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==================================
Tu dhoop hain jham se bikhar
Tu hai nadee o bekhabar
Beh chal kahin ud chal kahin
Dil khush jahan teri toh manzil hai wahin.

 
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(Login MPOne)
WAFFer.

Re: Pearl Harbor Day remembered on 71st anniversary

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December 7 2012, 6:09 PM 

Pearl Harbor Dead Remembered on 71st Anniversary

Dec 07, 2012

Associated Press| by Audrey McAvoy
Add a Comment
Sailors in a motor launch rescue a survivor from the water alongside the sunken USS West Virginia during or shortly after the Japanese air raid on Pearl Harbor.

PEARL HARBOR, Hawaii - More than 2,000 people are gathering at Pearl Harbor on Friday to mark the 71st anniversary of the Japanese attack that killed thousands of people and launched the United States into World War II.

Ceremonies get under way with a moment of silence at 7:55 a.m., the exact time the bombing began in 1941.

The crew of a Navy guided-missile destroyer will stand on deck while the ship passes the USS Arizona, a battleship that still lies in the harbor where it sank decades ago.

Hawaii Air National Guard aircraft will fly overhead in missing man formation.

The Navy and National Park Service are hosting the ceremonies, which are being held in remembrance of the 2,390 service members and 49 civilians killed in the attack.

Friday events will also give special recognition to members of the Women Airforce Service Pilots, who flew noncombat missions during World War II, and to ray Emory, a 91-year-old Pearl Harbor survivor who has pushed to identify the remains of unknown servicemen.

Admiral Cecil Haney, commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet, is scheduled to give the keynote address at the ceremony. The ceremony will also include a Hawaiian blessing, songs played by the U.S. Pacific Fleet band and a rifle salute from the U.S. Marine Corps.

President Barack Obama marked the day on Thursday by issuing a presidential proclamation, calling for flags to fly at half-staff on Friday and asking all Americans to observe the day of remembrance and honor military service members and veterans.

"Today, we pay solemn tribute to America's sons and daughters who made the ultimate sacrifice at Oahu," Obama said in a statement. "As we do, let us also reaffirm that their legacy will always burn bright - whether in the memory of those who knew them, the spirit of service that guides our men and women in uniform today, or the heart of the country they kept strong and free."

The Navy and park service will resume taking visitors to the USS Arizona Memorial, which sits atop the sunken battleship, after the ceremony.

http://www.military.com/daily-news/2012/12/07/pearl-harbor-dead-remembered-on-71st-anniversary.html?ESRC=eb.nl

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It is the teaching of all history that liberty can only be preserved in small areas. Local self-government is, therefore, indispensable to liberty. A centralized and distant bureaucracy is the worst of all tyranny.

Taxation can justly be levied for no purpose other than to provide revenue for the support of the government. To tax one person, class or section to provide revenue for the benefit of another is none the less robbery because done under the form of law and called taxation."

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(Login brahmaputra_river)

Re: Pearl Harbor Day remembered on 71st anniversary

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December 7 2012, 6:27 PM 

Is it a deliberate decision on US part not to retrieve the sunken Arizona?

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Timbits20
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The Redcoats (UK)

Re: Pearl Harbor Day remembered on 71st anniversary

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December 8 2012, 1:48 AM 

See number 6 and number 8 below. Actually, please read the whole thing. It's fascinating, very informative and answers a lot of questions you probably weren't even aware you wanted to know yet.

It's somewhat moving - especially today.

Thanks for starting this thread E.



May they Rest in Peace:


http://www.nps.gov/valr/faqs.htm


Frequently Asked Questions


1. Is it true that oil still leaks from the USS Arizona?


Yes. Currently, the ship leaks 2-9 quarts each day.


The USS Arizona held approximately 1.5 million gallons (5.7 million liters) of Bunker-C oil. The ship burned for 2½ days leaving an unspecified amount of oil onboard. Oil has been observed leaking from the ship since the 1940s, however little action was taken until environmental concerns were expressed. Since 1998, the National Park Service Submerged Resources Center (SRC) and the USS Arizona Memorial have been conducting research directed at understanding the nature and rate of natural processes affecting deterioration of the USS Arizona, as well as monitoring hull conditions and oil release rates. Oil release observed during the 1980s Arizona documentation project originated from a hatch on the starboard (right) side of the barbette number three, and later from a hatch on the starboard side of barbette number four. Consequently, when oil release monitoring began in 1998, those hatches were a primary focus. During fieldwork from 1998 to the present, gradually increasing amounts of oil have been observed releasing from forward of the memorial; however comprehensive measurement of oil release forward of the memorial in the upper deck galley was not completed until June 2006. Measured release rates have gradually increased each year in direct proportion to the number of locations monitored: in 1998, 1.0 quart (0.95 liters) was measured from one location; in 2003, 2.1 quarts (2.0 liters) were measured from two locations; in 2004, 2.3 quarts (2.2 liters) were measured from two locations; in 2006, 9.5 quarts (9.0 liters) were measured from eight locations. The 2006 oil release measurements are the most comprehensive completed to date increase in oil release over previous years is in part explained by more release locations being successfully measured then previously. Although observed rates of oil coming to the surface has gradually increased over the past several years, there is no indication of increase in amount of oil released from the primary oil containment spaces in the ships lower decks. The increase in oil release rates vary considerably with differing wind, tide, and harbor conditions. Although the exact amount cannot be determined, the USS Arizona contains an estimated 500,000 gallons (liters) of Bunker-C fuel within its hull.


2. What happened to the man who said, Dont worry about it when informed by radar technicians about a large number of planes heading toward Oahu?


Lieutenant Kermit Tyler was an Army Air Forces pilot who was temporarily detailed to the Fort Shafter Information Office as Pursuit Officer. December 7 was his second day on the job and he had no idea what his duties were supposed to be. After voicing his concerns over lack of experience (and no understanding of radar or how to interpret it), he was told to report to duty at 4 a.m. Driving to work at 3:00 a.m., Lt. Tyler remembered a friend telling him a Honolulu radio station would broadcast all night when Army Air Force B-17 heavy bombers were flying in from the mainland to Hickam Field. This practice allowed pilots to return home to O'ahu and remain on course (unfortunately, the attacking Japanese planes did the same thing!) He turned on his car radio and found music playing so he knew a flight of American planes was en route. Arriving for duty, Lieutenant Tyler discovered this air plotters and administrative switchboard operators were already on duty. However, because it was Sunday, there were no other officers on duty, leaving only a small staff to complete the necessary shift work. At 7:00 a.m., the air plotters completed their respective shifts and made a hasty departure, leaving only Lt. Tyler and the switchboard operator. Ironically, only 15 minutes later, the brand new radar station at Opana Point picked up a large flight of incoming planes from a north-to-northeast direction. Passing the information to Tyler, the young radar operators were told dont worry about it because Tyler was expecting the incoming flight of B-17s, but could not tell them over the phone due to security concerns (the Japanese had a large spy network in the islands). This scenario proved to be a fatal mistake as 40 minutes later, bombs were raining down on Pearl Harbor and six other military installations on O'ahu. Following an investigation by a Navy Court of Inquiry in August of 1942, it was determined that Tyler had been assigned to the Information Center with little or no training, no supervision, and no staff in which to work with. Tyler was subsequently cleared on any wrong doing by the Board and no disciplinary actions were taken against him. Hollywood and a few authors have attempted to make Tyler out as a buffoon, but the military knew him to be an exceptional officer and he retired as a Lieutenant Colonel in 1961.


3. Why were the crewmembers bodies never removed from the USS Arizona?


Approximately 15 minutes into the attack, a Japanese high-level bomber dropped a 1,760-pound (800 kg) naval projectile, that had been specially converted, onto the USS Arizona. The bomb penetrated the forward deck of the ship about 40 feet in from the bow. The resulting explosion ignited aviation fuel stores and the powder magazines for the 14-inch guns, instantly separating most of the bow from the ship and lifting the 33,000-ton vessel out of the water (there is no physical evidence remotely suggesting the USS Arizona was hit by torpedoes to dispel a popular myth). The explosion and subsequent fires killed 1,177 sailors and marines instantly. In addition, the entire front portion of the ship was left destroyed and the fires burned everything in its path. The fires continued for 2½ days, virtually cremating every man on board. Out of a crew of 1,511 only 334 survived. Due to the immense fire, only 107 crewmen were positively identified. The remaining 1,070 casualties were placed into three categories: (1) Bodies that were never found; (2) Some bodies were removed from the ship during salvage operations. These remains were severely dismembered or partially cremated, making identification impossible (DNA testing was unheard of in 1941). These bodies were placed in temporary mass graves, and later moved and reburied and marked as unknowns, at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific (Punchbowl) in 1949; (3) Bodies located in the aft (rear) portion of the ship. These remains could have been recovered, but were left in the ship due to their unidentifiable condition, indicating most crew members died from the concussion from the massive explosion.


4. What happened to the surviving crewmembers immediately after the explosion? How did they feel about surviving when so many were lost?


Most of the sailors and Marines who survived the sinking were already on duty when the bomb hit at 8:06 a.m. Men assigned to areas in the aft (rear) of the ship were immediately hurled from the upper decks of the battleship into the burning, oil-coated waters of the harbor. Some staggered through blankets of thick smoke and fire to the main deck and then jumped overboard. Also, just over 40 men assigned to the ship were not aboard the ship when it was attacked. In total, 319 sailors and 15 Marines (on or off the ship) were officially USS Arizona survivors. An anxiety haunted many of these survivors for years. Why did I survive when so many others did not?," is a question that plagued many. Family members of these men say that the biggest problem most of these men endured the rest of their lives was the tremendous guilt for surviving the destruction of their ship.


5. How are the bodies of the USS Arizona survivors buried on the ship?


Crewmembers who were assigned to the USS Arizona on December 7, 1941, have the right to have their cremated remains interred inside the barbette of gun turret four by National Park Service divers. If you were a crewmember before that infamous day, you have the right to have your ashes scattered over the ship. In both cases, the common thread is that these men were at one time in their navy careers assigned to the USS Arizona. This policy is strictly enforced by the USS Arizona Reunion and Survivor Association. (In addition, any Pearl Harbor survivor can have their ashes scattered over the place in the harbor where their ship was located during the attack). On April 12, 1982, the ashes of retired Navy Chief Petty Officer Stanley M. Teslow were interred, becoming the first USS Arizona survivor to return to his ship. By mid 2006, 28 surviving crewmembers have rejoined their shipmates in simple and private ceremonies, complete with a two-bell ceremony from the Fleet Reserve Association; a rifle salute from the U.S. Navy or Marine Corps; and a benediction with the echo of Taps being played across the harbor. The services are conducted inside the memorial and consist of an invocation, funeral ceremony, and a flag presentation to the family. Following the ceremony, the urn is carried from the memorial to the dock area and presented to divers, who swim the urn into the open barbette of gun turret number four and proceed to a large open slot that measures approximately 6" x 5'. The urn is placed into this slot and slides into the ship.


6. Why was the USS Arizona not raised and put back into service as the other battleships were?


The USS Arizona was inspected in early 1942 and the US Navy determined it to be a total loss. Severe structural damage throughout the ship prevented it from being completely salvaged, although the USS Arizona continued to live in other ships as she became a prime source for spare parts. The inspection discovered that access to the front portion of the ship was completely blocked by debris and the great sheets of metal grotesquely twisted presented a very unsafe environment from which to work. The second deck had collapsed and virtually melted into the lower decks. It was also discovered that the number one and two gun turrets had collapsed more than 20 feet, leaving little doubt as to the severity of the USS Arizonas wounds. Now at war, the U.S. Navy could spare little time with ships which could not be salvaged and turned their attention to the other battleships which could be put back into service. The USS Pennsylvania, USS Nevada, USS West Virginia, USS Tennessee, USS Maryland, and the USS California were raised and re-fitted in time to take revenge against the Japanese. The USS Arizona, The USS Oklahoma, and the old battleship USS Utah were never put back into service. Dismantling of the USS Arizona began in 1942 and continued throughout 1943. In June of 1942, the navy decided the lost ships hulk was not a hazard to navigation in the harbor and the ship would remain where she fell. Later in the war, the decision was made to leave the crewmembers with their ship, considering the men to be buried at sea. By the end of 1943, most of the ship visible from above the waterline had been removed. Among the useable items taken from the ship were guns, ammunition, machinery, the stern aircraft crane, conning tower and numerous other entities. The U.S. Army removed gun turrets three and four for use as coastal defense batteries (although by the time this project was finished in 1944, the war had moved into the western Pacific and Hawai'i was no longer at threat from invasion). The number two gun turret was scrapped, but the one gun turret remains intact and on the ship. In 1961, the (overhead) ceiling from the forward mess deck was removed, making way for the construction of the USS Arizona Memorial.


7. What eventually happened to the battleships Oklahoma and Utah?


There were over 180 ships and vessels in Pearl Harbor when the attack began. Twelve of these ships were sunk or severely damaged, with another nine also needing extensive repairs. However, all but three returned to service. Similar to the USS Arizona, the USS Utah lays where she fell on the north side of Ford Island. This decision was made in 1944 after several attempts at raising the ship had failed. The quiet decision was made to leave the bodies of 58 crewmen onboard, considering them buried at sea. The land-based USS Utah Memorial was dedicated on May 27, 1972. Visitors with military identification in their possession may visit the memorial. The USS Oklahoma was moored outboard the battleship USS Maryland and rapidly received seven to nine torpedo hits on the port (left) side. Capsizing roughly in 20 minutes after the attack began, over 400 men were trapped inside, of which only 32 were rescued by frantic civilian shipyard crews trying to cut through the keel (bottom) of the ship with pneumatic hammers and torches. Resting in the main channel of the harbor, a major salvage operation began in March of 1943. This massive undertaking involved the use of winches installed on Ford Island, which slowly rolled the ship back into place in an upright position. The ship was then pumped out and the remains of over 400 sailors and Marines were removed. The USS Oklahoma entered drydock on December 28, 1943, and the guns and superstructure were removed following the battleships formal decommissioning in September of 1944. Two years later, a California salvage company bought the ship for scrap and began towing the USS Oklahoma to Oakland in the spring of 1947. On May 17, the ship began listing to port and the tow lines had to be cut. The USS Oklahoma sank approximately 540 miles northeast of the Hawaiian Islands. The spirits of 429 lost souls may have silently cheered when this tribute to the loss of the Oklahoma was written:
Good for you Oklahoma!
Go down at sea in deep water,
as you should, under the stars.
No razor blades for you! They
can make em from the ships and
Planes that did you in.
So long, Oklahoma!
You were a good ship!

a Battleship Sailor


8. Briefs.


"USS" stands for United States Ship. "BB" is not an abbreviation, it is how the Navy classified a battleship.
The USS Arizona rests in ~40 feet (12.2 meters) of water.


There were 37 confirmed sets of brothers assigned to the USS Arizona on December 7. Sullivan was the last name of five brothers who died when their ship, the USS Juneau sank off Guadalcanal on November 13, 1942.


The USS Arizona was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register in December of 1942. On March 7, 1950, the Arizona was symbolically "re-commissioned" when a flagpole was erected on the ship. The USS Arizona is treated as one of the current fleet and the flag flying on the ship's mast only flies at half-staff when the other ships fly their flags at half-staff.


On March 25, 1961, Elvis Presley performed a concert at Bloch Arena in Pearl Harbor. All ticket proceeds benefited the construction of the USS Arizona Memorial. The concert generated $54,678.73 more than ten percent of the $515,728.37 needed to construct the monument. A commemorative plaque that honors the concert is located at the Bloch Arena complex on base.


The USS Arizona Memorial became a National Park Service unit in 1980. Since then, NPS divers have conducted approximately 50 research and cultural preservation dives per year.


Contrary to popular belief, the Japanese planes did not fly through Kolekole Pass. The Japanese pilots flew along the inside of the mountain range making it appear as though they came through the pass.


Hawaii became the fiftieth state on August 21, 1959.


The brown, weasel-like animal that you see is a mongoose. The friendly little bird that everyone feeds (but should not) is a zebra dove.


The Hawaiian name for Pearl Harbor was Puuloa. Early Poynesian settlers to Oahu discovered a bay teeming with food. Included was a bivalve called ia hamau leo. Besides providing food, the oysters iridescent shell was used to decorate bowls and carvings; to make fish hooks; and used as a ropemaking scraper. The oyster also produced a white pearl, which the Hawaiians called momi. Since these pearls were never found in archeological digs or referenced in traditional chants, it is assumed that they held little value to the Hawaiians. That all changed following the arrival of the Europeans and the Americans. Once King Kamehameha I learned that the outsiders found value in the pearls, an intensive shift from oyster food and shell gathering to pearl gathering began, and by 1812, the Hawaiian pearl trade was thriving. By the 1840s deforestation and overgrazing of livestock around the harbor caused severe environmental damage with rains washing tons of silt and debris into the streams that flowed into Pearl Harbor (a name given to the bay by the foreigners). Soon the harbor was choked with dirt. By 1901, Pearl Harbors oysters were nearly extinct, smothered by mud.

As of March 1, 2006, 38 USS Arizona survivors are still living; 36 sailors and 2 Marines.



Did You Know?


There were 1.4 million gallons of fuel on the USS Arizona when she sank. Over 60 years later, approximately nine quarts still surfaces from the ship each day. Some Pearl Harbor survivors have referred to the oil droplets as "Black Tears."


[IMG][linked image][/IMG]

 
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(Login Altaic_Kamikaze)
The Conquerors (Turkey)

Re: Pearl Harbor Day remembered on 71st anniversary

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December 8 2012, 2:32 AM 

Rest in Peace to both Americans and Japanese.

An actual tribute show in Hawaii pearl harbor

watch from 0:40,

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bWR7vdJKTq4&list=FL3CadLLUbnnIzlMY5_IfJGw&index=117

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Timbits20
(Login timbits20)
The Redcoats (UK)

Re: Pearl Harbor Day remembered on 71st anniversary

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December 8 2012, 2:45 AM 

I really have to tip my hat to the US National Parks Service guys by the way. Their link above reminds me of the care they give to US Service Memorials, including the Vietnam Memorial which I visited in my last year of High School in '86. We had a busy day and it was our last stop that night.

I was looking at the names when it occurred to me that the only name I was familiar with was that of Harold Dayle Meyerkord. He was mentioned in an article from a 1965 issue of National Geographic that I had read in my grade school library as a kid (I eventually took custody of that issue - looking back now, I hope it was because they were going to throw it out,) written by "Vickie Chapel" (I put quotes because I googled her name to check it's spelling but found no relevant hits:)

Her article which featured Meyerkord was about the war in Vietnam and he was serving on PBR boat as a US adviser to South Vietnamese troops. The denouement of the article as she wrote it advised that he was later hit on a river shoreline on an operation, before another bullet to the brain killed him. The last image was of his wife being presented a flag at his memorial service. To make things more depressing, the preface to the article advised that "Chapel" herself was killed while on a patrol with US Marines when one of them tripped a mine before the article could be published.

In any event, on that May night in '86 I started fumbling around the Wall for a few moments when a Parks Service guy asked if he could help. Seemingly in an instant, we started looking together. When I eventually started letting him off the hook at helping me look for it in the dark, he said not to worry and a few moments later shined his flashlight DIRECTLY on "Harold Dale Meyerkord" then said something polite and left me alone to pay my respects. Which I did.

I'll never forget the respectful professionalism and the quite decency the National Parks Service guy just oozed.

All the above is IIRC of course - except for Harold's full name. I actually forgot how to spell it and eventually Google lead me to this site, which informed me for the first time that a Knox Class frigate was named after him in 1967. It served for almost 30 years. There's a picture of him there that I remember from that National Geographic article:


http://www.navsource.org/archives/06/06021058.htm

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trabzonlee61
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The Conquerors (Turkey)

Re: Pearl Harbor Day remembered on 71st anniversary

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December 8 2012, 6:34 PM 

R.I.P. to the fallen soldiers, not only during pearl harbor but also during the whole pacific war.

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