Document: Taliban Leader Mullah Omar's Directive To Taliban Commanders Ordered Crackdown Against Shi'ite Muslims And Destruction Of Un-Islamic Cultural Heritage
A copy of the Farman issued by Mullah Omar
A Farman (directive) to the Taliban commanders issued by Mullah Mohammad Omar, the then head of the Taliban government in Afghanistan, shows that he ordered crackdown against all communists and Shi'ite Muslims.
The Pashtu-language secret document was seized from the Afghan Interior Ministry building in Kabul in 2001 when the Mullah Omar-led Taliban fled Afghanistan following the U.S. invasion. Afghan websites recently published the document with a translation by one Ishaq Mohammadi.
Afghan media interpreted the Farman's command to destroy the un-Islamic cultural heritage of Afghanistan as a reference to ordering the destruction of the Buddhas of Bamiyan. The exact date of the document is not given.
Following is the text of the document:
"Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan Movement of Taliban
"Kandahar Province (Secret Service Cell)
"1. Ruthless army steps by Taliban against opponent enemy groups.
"2. Recovery of arms and collection of Islamic Taxes.
"3. Demolition of Mughul's (Hazaras) historic cultural heritage and remains [such as Bamiyan's Buddhas].
"4. Ban on celebrating Jashn-e-Nouroz (a cultural festival/New Year)
"5. Complete economic embargo of Hazarajat [areas inhabited by Shi'ite Hazaras].
"6. Strict army measures to disown Hazara tribes from their lands and properties forcibly.
"7. Disintegration of Hazarajat gradually.
"8. Elimination and arrest of communist elements.
"9. Rooting out of all mysterious and opponent forces.
"10. Anti-Shi'ite propaganda campaign.
"11. Assistance for Islamic Madrasas (religious schools) and religious groups.
"12. Strict control and watch on women (out of their homes).
"13. Complete recovery of Taxes from opium production.
"14. Care for transportations and oil.
"15. Assistance of Akhund Zadas (Taliban) and religious Mullahs.
"16. Assistance and care for pro-Taliban Shi'ite Mullahs and commander.
"Attention for Kajiki, Kishki Nakhud, Kalat, Shah Joi, Maruf, Helmand (Name of Provinces and Districts).
"May be informed very quick."
Sources: www.hazarapeople.com, Afghanistan, March 3, 2012; www.kabulpress.org, Afghanistan, March 2, 2012. The text of the document has been lightly edited for clarity.
|"The chief aim of all government is to preserve the freedom of the citizen. His control over his person, his property, his movements, his business, his desires should be restrained only so far as the public welfare imperatively demands. The world is in more danger of being governed too much than too little.
It is the teaching of all history that liberty can only be preserved in small areas. Local self-government is, therefore, indispensable to liberty. A centralized and distant bureaucracy is the worst of all tyranny.
Taxation can justly be levied for no purpose other than to provide revenue for the support of the government. To tax one person, class or section to provide revenue for the benefit of another is none the less robbery because done under the form of law and called taxation."
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