Arabs Versus Africa
April 21, 2011: Sudanese troops have pushed South Sudanese forces out of Heglig, a border area containing most of Sudan's remaining oil production. The two countries are now at war and Sudan says the conquest (or "liberation") of Heglig was just the beginning.
The Sudan-South Sudan War is a war over old maps. South Sudan bases its claim to the disputed Heglig oil field and its immediate environs upon a boundary map drawn in 1956 wich places the Heglig area in Unity state, which is now part of South Sudan. Sudan argues that the map is not definitive and that the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) specified that there would be a new demarcation process and decision. The CPA ended the 22 year-long war (1983-2005) between the north and the south. Sudan, however, has dragged out demarcation discussions.
Initially the north was trying to thwart the souths drive for independence, an option that was included in the CPA. The south, however, opted for independence, which gave the south control of about 75 percent of pre-division Sudan oil production (which at the time of division in July 2011 was around 430,000 barrels per day). Since independence, the north has been trying to recoup oil revenue by asserting control over pipelines and oil transport (the major pipeline runs through northern territory to Port Sudan). The north has also tried to gain physical control over other oil producing areas. In the case of Abyei, the north launched an invasion of the area that basically drove away a substantial number of southern supporters. Control of Abyei was supposed to be decided by plebiscite. With its attack on Heglig the south demonstrated that it can return the favor. Heglig is now Sudans largest oil field, producing 55,000 to 60,000 barrels of oil per day.
South Sudan wants international arbitrators to decide on the status of Heglig. South Sudan said that its troops were withdrawing from Heglig and the withdrawal would soon be complete. Israel has been asked to contribute forces to a reinforced peacekeeping mission in South Sudan. In the past Israel has provided aid to Kenya. Israel may have provided some covert support to south Sudanese rebels during the Sudan Civil War.
|"The chief aim of all government is to preserve the freedom of the citizen. His control over his person, his property, his movements, his business, his desires should be restrained only so far as the public welfare imperatively demands. The world is in more danger of being governed too much than too little.
It is the teaching of all history that liberty can only be preserved in small areas. Local self-government is, therefore, indispensable to liberty. A centralized and distant bureaucracy is the worst of all tyranny.
Taxation can justly be levied for no purpose other than to provide revenue for the support of the government. To tax one person, class or section to provide revenue for the benefit of another is none the less robbery because done under the form of law and called taxation."
John W. Davis, Democratic Presidential Candidate, 1924. Davis was one of the greatest trial and appellate lawyers in US history. He also served as the US Ambassador to the UK.