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  • Peerless
    • Franklin
      Posted Mar 22, 2009 9:43 PM

      I'd hoped one day to do something with this, but I can't.

      If anyone wants to mess with Peerless cuffs, here's a start

      Franklin


      Peerless Handcuff Company
      A Massachusetts Domestic Profit Corporation
      Incorporated June 22, 1914


      Patent No. Filed Granted Inventor

      1017955 October 4, 1911 February 20, 1912 George A. Carney
      One-half assigned to George H. Littlefield
      Patent on swing-through design

      1157135 January 2, 1915 October 19, 1915 Joseph H. Wesson & Edward S. Pomeroy
      Assigned to Smith & Wesson
      Patent on construction of three-piece lock body and pawl ditch

      1161562 October 6, 1914 November 23, 1915 Joseph H. Wesson
      Assigned to James M. Gill
      Patent on lock mechanism for double-locking with key (Model 1)

      1531451 April 13, 1922 March 31, 1925 Elmer E. Neel
      Assigned to Peerless Handcuff Company
      Patent on lock mechanism using push pin to double-lock (Model 2)

      1872857 April 20, 1931 August 23, 1932 Harold Wesson & Edward S. Pomeroy
      Assigned to Peerless Handcuff Company
      Patent on improved push pin lock mechanism with anti-shim notch on ratchet (Model 3)

      2759349 February 15, 1954 August 21, 1956 S. R. McKee
      Assigned to Joseph A. Lorch
      Patent on push pin lock mechanism (Model 4)


      Patent Model
      Constructed of two right-hand cuffs, joined together by single link, using the patent 1161562 lock mechanism that double locks with key. No pawl ditches. Both cuffs marked the same.
      Front: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON
      PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
      Rear: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
      SPRINGFIELD MASS.




      Model 1
      Uses the patent 1157135 body construction with pawl grooves. Box is heavy, glued cardboard, two piece construction covered with dark burgundy paper, instruction sheet glued to inside of box lid. Exterior box label is glued to narrow end of box with handwritten serial number.
      Version
      1 Constructed with a left-hand and right hand cuff, joined by single link, with pawl ditch
      LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
      SPRINGFIELD MASS.
      PAT. FEB. 20, 1912 (stamped on pawl)
      LR: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON
      RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
      SPRINGFIELD MASS.
      PAT. FEB. 20, 1912 (stamped on pawl)
      RR: MFGD. BY SMITH & WESSON

      2 Same as version 2 but with early Peerless logo stamped on RR cuff body; this logo has the word
      TRADE at top of emblem and MARK at bottom

      3 Cuffs joined together by two links
      LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
      SPRINGFIELD MASS.
      LR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
      NOV. 23, 1915
      RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
      SPRINGFIELD MASS.
      RR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
      NOV. 23, 1915
      no logo

      4 Same as version 3 but with Peerless logo on RR, with TRADEMARK at top of emblem and REGISTERED at bottom.

      5 Same as version 4 but:
      RR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
      SPRINGFIELD MASS.
      Peerless logo, rotated 90 degrees clockwise

      6 Same as version 5, but with serial numbers on front of both cuffs.

      7 Stampings in larger font and serial numbers on front of both cuffs. Stampings same as version 4 except that Peerless logo is rotated 90 degrees clockwise and a comma added after SPRINGFIELD






      Model 2
      Uses the patent 1531451 lock mechanism that double locks using a push pin. Box is same as Model 1 with revised instructions on inside of box lid.
      Version
      1 Serial numbers on front of both cuffs.
      LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
      SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
      LR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
      OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
      PAT. PENDING
      RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
      SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
      RR: PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
      OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
      PAT. PENDING
      Peerless logo rotated 90 degrees clockwise

      2 Same as version 1 except that Peerless logo is upright

      3 Same as version 2 except that serial number is on LF only

      4 Same as version 3, except that patent stampings on LR and RR are:
      PAT. FEB. 20, 1912
      OCT. 19, 1915 & NOV. 23, 1915
      MAR. 31, 1925 MADE IN U.S.A.

      5 Patent stampings on LR and RR change to:
      PATENT 1017955
      1157135 1161562 1531451
      MADE IN U.S.A.

      6 Patent stampings on LR and RR change to:
      PAT. PAT. PENDING
      1157135 1161562 1531451
      MADE IN U.S.A.










      Model 3, later denominated by Peerless as Model 300
      Uses barrel key that will become the universal handcuff key employing the patent 1872857 lock
      mechanism and anti-shim notch on pawl. Lock body is redesigned.
      Version
      1 Production starts while patent 1872857 lock mechanism is pending. Serial number on LF is now stamped vertically between keyway and swivel. Box remains the same as Model 2.
      LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
      SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
      LR: PATENT
      1157135 1161562 1531451
      MADE IN U.S.A.
      RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
      SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
      RR: PATENT
      1157135 1161562 1531451
      MADE IN U.S.A.
      Peerless logo

      2 After patent 1872857 is granted, it is included on stampings. Serial number on LF.
      LF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
      SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
      LR: PATENT
      1531451 1872857
      MADE IN U.S.A.
      RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
      SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
      RR: PATENT
      1531451 1872857
      MADE IN U.S.A.
      Peerless logo

      3 Peerless moves from 91 Dwight Street to 95 State Street and sets up a new manufacturing facility.
      Several modifications are made to the Model 3, presumably to reduce costs. The thickness of all
      cuff body pieces are slightly reduced. The anti-shim notch on the ratchet (one element of
      the1872857 patent) is eliminated. The dogs that engage the pawl ditch are replaced by stampings
      to create the dogs that leave a visible detent on the exterior lock body. The Peerless logo is no longer stamped on the cuffs; all other cuff stampings remain the same, but their orientation on the left cuff changes
      LF: PATENT
      1531451 1872857
      MADE IN U.S.A
      LR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
      SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
      RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
      SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
      RR: PATENT
      1531451 1872857
      MADE IN U.S.A.
      The box is changed to a folded cardboard, two-piece construction with all printed material
      printed directly on the cardboard and serial number is stamped. Within this version, there are two variations, based upon the box design. The first has the instructions printed on the inside of the box lid. The second eliminates this and a small, 2-fold, 4 page instruction sheet is substituted.

      Model 4 introduced; after it was discontinued, this version of Model 3 was continued.

      4 Only stamping on left cuff is serial number on front.
      RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
      SPRINGFIELD, MA.
      RR: PATENT
      15311451 1872857
      MADE IN U.S.A.
      The instruction sheet is expanded to a 4-fold, 10 page item. Oddly, the illustration on page 1 of the left cuff, serial number 803327, shows the type of patent stamping that now appears only on the right cuff.

      5 Same as version 3, except that the # sign appears before the serial number.

      6 With the introduction of handcuff testing by the National Institute of Justice, handcuffs must now
      bear a model number to receive NIJ certification. The only stamping on the left cuff remains just
      the serial number, with # sign.
      RF: MODEL 300
      PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO. (THE eliminated)
      SPRINGFIELD, MA (period after MA eliminated)
      RR: PATENT
      15311451 1872857
      MADE IN U.S.A.
      Within this version, there are three variations, based upon the boxes and inserts. The first uses the same box and instruction sheet as versions 4 and 5, but with the addition of a single page Certificate of Compliance regarding NIJ standards. The second uses a single piece, folded box with gray background with black and red printing, but does not have the emblem on the box regarding lifetime warranty; originally this includes instructions with supplemental NIJ sheet and then changes to a multi-folded 8 ½ x 11 sheet that includes NIJ certification information.

      7 Markings are no longer stamped, but are mechanically etched only on the front of the cuffs.
      Serial number on LF, with # sign
      LF: MODEL 300
      PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO (period after CO eliminated)
      SPRINGFIELD, MA
      RF: PATENT
      15311451 1872857
      MADE IN USA (periods eliminated)

      8 Serial number on LF, with # sign.
      LF: MODEL 300
      PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO
      SPRINGFIELD, MA
      RF: PATENTED
      MADE IN USA

      Lightweight

      Thin model cuff, denominated by Peerless as Lightweight. This was originally introduced as a
      version of the Model 4, using the 2759349 patent lock mechanism. After the Model 4 was discontinued and production of the Model 3 resumed, the Lightweight continued as a version of the Model 3.
      LF: PATENT
      1531451 1872857
      MADE IN U.S.A
      LR: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
      SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
      RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
      SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
      RR: PATENT
      1531451 1872857
      MADE IN U.S.A.
      Box is two-piece folded cardboard with instructions printed on inside of lid; however, the ink
      color is red, rather than black, and a 2-fold, 4 page supplemental instruction sheet included.


      Model 4

      Introduced as a successor to the Model 3 using the patent 2759349 lock mechanism, originally with a double-bitted key. As a visual indicator that it used a double-bit key, the lock body was stamped with two detents; however, only the lower detent extended through the cuff body to create a dog to engage the pawl ditch. Due to problems with key and lock breakage, the double-bit lock was discontinued and a single-bit key lock introduced. Existing Model 4 stock, with two detents, and repaired cuffs, were retrofitted with the single-bit lock mechanism. Thereafter, no longer serving any purpose, the upper detent was eliminated.
      Version
      1 Available in 10 oz. steel and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Uses double-bit key and lock bodies have two detents. Serial number on LF.
      RF: THE PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
      SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
      RR: PAT 2,759,349
      MADE IN U.S.A.

      2 Available in 10 oz. steel and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Same as version 1, but with two detents on lock bodies and uses single-bit key.

      3 Available in 10 oz. steel, 7 oz. steel (Lightweight) and 4.5 oz. aluminum. Same as version 2, but with one detent on lock bodies.

      Model 400
      Two-piece lock body made of sintered steel with elongated detents and square double-lock button.
      LF: M-400 (stamped vertically between keyway and swivel)
      New circular logo with
      PEERLESS
      MADE IN ®
      U.S.A.
      in center, curved at top
      SPRINGFIELD
      MASSACHUSETTS
      curved, at bottom
      LF: serial number stamped vertically between keyway and swivel
      circular stamping with
      MADE IN
      U.S.A
      in center, curved at top
      PATENTS
      PENDING
      curved, at bottom
      Box is same one piece construction as late Model 3 (no lifetime warranty logo) but end flap has
      printed sections labeled Serial Finish Model and the information handwritten.

      Model 500
      Has round detents and round double lock button. Serial number on LF.
      Version
      1 RF: MADE IN U.S.A (curved)
      PEERLESS ®
      RR: PATENTED (curved)
      MODEL 500

      2 Stampings replaced with laser etching. Serial number on LF.
      LF: PEERLESS HANDCUFF CO.
      SPRINGFIELD, MA
      RF: MADE IN U.S.A.
      PATENTED
      MODEL 500 (etched vertically between keyway and swivel)

      3 Same as version 2 except that sculpted swivels are replaced with straight-sided bullet swivels.

      Box now has lifetime warranty logo with cuff information stamped on plain end flap.

      Model 600

      Prototype model that was never put into production.


      Peerlesss records of serial numbers start with 31000, June 26, 1924.

      M1/V6
      284 SW
      1893 SW
      M1/V7

      14638 FW

      M2/V1
      18310 SW
      26203 SW

      M2/V2


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