Niel Shell and Barbara Shilkret, grandson and daughter of Nat Shilkret, respectively, edited his biography, “Nathaniel Shilkret, Sixty Years in the Music Business,” The Scarecrow Press, Inc 2005.
Here are some quotes about Edward T. King, businessman and percussionist.
“A year later (1915) I was engaged as an arranger and conductor for the Victor Machine Talking Company by Mr. Eddie King.”
“From then on I was the Red Seal Conductor. Later on Mr. King told me that they had a meeting to decide who would take Pasternack’s place. Leopold Stokowski and Walter Damrosch were considered. It was Mr. King who claimed that he changed their minds. I had worked closely with him, and he knew that I had played in symphony orchestras and in opera houses. Why did he not choose Rosario Bourdon, assistant tio Pasternack, I never could understand. I guess Eddie King really did sell them Nathaniel Shilkret. Mr. King was tough on salaries, but very loyal with those who worked under him.”
“After he [an efficiency expert] left, Mr. King, who had an explosive temper, came to my room and said, ‘What do you think that damned fool asked me? He asked me how many people are employed in our New York office. I told him six. Then he said get rid of one of them; you can do with five men. I asked him, ‘who did he suggest?’ and he said take your pick-Shilkret or Scott. I then lost my temper and told him to get out of my office.’ Scott was our handyman.”
“Mr. Eddie King, my superior at Victor, had been a pretty good drummer in his early days. He had a cymbal that he was fond of, and when he was engaged by the Victor as a manager, he brought the cymbal with him. As he supervised the many dance orchestra’s recordings, he always helld the cymbal in his hands, ready to strike it at spots at which he thought it would help.”
“Shilking is a shortened version of (Nat) Shilkret-(Eddie) King.”
There is no question in view of Cliff’s posting and other bits of information, that there was only one Eddie King, recording director and drummer.
I like the word zonophone so I googled it. This is from
Zon-O-Phone Record Label, c. 1912
Zonophone, early on also rendered as Zon-O-Phone was a record label founded in 1899 in Camden, New Jersey by Frank Seaman. The Zonophone name was not that of the company, but was applied to the records and machines sold by Seaman from 1899-1900 to 1903.
Seaman had worked for Emile Berliner's Berliner Gramophone. Seaman decided to start his own company to produce disc records and disc phonographs. Seaman's "Zon-O-Phone" records design and technology were shamelessly stolen from Berliner, and the machines similarly copied from the products of Eldridge R. Johnson's Consolidated Talking Machine Company. Astoundingly, Seaman then sued Berliner and Johnson for violating his technology! With the help of lawyer Phillip Mauro, Seaman arranged for an alliance with Columbia Records (then manufacturing only cylinder records and machines), arguing that the patents held by Columbia concerning cylinders applied to any type of recording where a stylus vibrated in a groove, and that Zon-O-Phone would pay royalties if Columbia helped him drive Berliner out of business. In 1900 Seaman and Mauro succeeded in getting a judge to file an injunction that Berliner and Johnson stop making their products.
Johnson and Berliner counter-sued, and the following year emerged victorious in court—prompting the name of their new combined company, The Victor.
Further legal actions dragged on until 1903, when all of the United States and Latin American assets of Zon-O-Phone were turned over to Victor, and the Europe and British Commonwealth assets to the Gramophone & Typewriter Company (which was to become HMV).
Victor Talking Machine continued use of the "Zonophone" name to market cheaper records which for whatever reason were not of the technical standard of the Victor label until retiring the label in the U.S. in 1910.
Yes, Cliff, googling books is very useful. One of the most useful features is the “search inside” function.