The worst part of the article isn't even about Bix. It's the contrast between Frankie Newton ("another [sic!] negro with a hot horn") and the "intelligent, cultured" Red Norvo. As if a "negro" can't be "intelligent, cultured." By all accounts, Frank Newton (like Trumbauer, he preferred to be called Frank rather than Frankie) was a very intelligent man: "Nat Hentoff has written eloquently of Newton, whom he knew in Boston, and the man who comes through is proud, thoughtful, definite in his opinions, politically sensitive, infuriated by racism and by those who wanted to limit his freedoms." https://jazzlives.wordpress.com/2008/07/31/the-elusive-frank-newton/ As for Newton's and Norvo's music, to contrast an up-tempo performance by Newton with a ballad by Norvo proves nothing; one could easily reverse the process.