Myths about Vimy Ridge, as per Jack Sheldon "The German Army on Vimy Ridge 1914-1917"June 9 2010 at 11:10 AM
|Michael Dorosh |
Just picked this book up at the Vimy visitor centre; a fresh perspective on the battle(s). Some interesting tidbits in the opening pages; I think Ed Storey will appreciate some of this.
a) The British Army never made a concerted effort to take Vimy Ridge after relieving the French. Despite (Canadian) accounts that crow about how "we" did it after the French and British failures of many months and years, the British not only never made a concerted effort on the Vimy front (mining is another story), but neither did the French after October 1915.
b) Vimy Ridge was not a fortress, nor impregnable. The Germans knew that defence in depth was the best option, but that the narrowness of the ridge put their positions in poor placement. Their second line was unviable, and they knew it. Even before the April 1917 battle, they had begun working on lines east of the ridge, though it was still not comparable to the Hindenburg Line. The key to the defence was to hold on to the main line in strength and hope for mobile reserves to deploy in strength quickly, but their front line was not built for this type of defence - and the Germans knew it. And the Canadians exploited this defence. What does this mean - the victory wasn't one of Canadian brilliance in the face of overwhelming odds; it was one of sensible tactics over a poorly sited defence.
c) And what of the hapless 4th Division. The ones who pursued the most aggressive policy regarding raids lost the highest proportion of experienced officers and junior leaders in the lead-up to the big day - Sheldeon asks if it is a coincidence that they then failed to meet their objectives on 9 April. Moreover, he suggests that the German Army's own 'lessons learned' from Vimy were invaluable and shaped from the 4th Division sector, where the Germans - so he says - pulled back in good order. One German regiment put VIMY as a battle honour on their colour, awarded many medals for the batle, and went to Passchendaele convinced it "had a working answer to Allied tactics and the power of the gun" in Sheldon's words.
Interesting points to ponder.