Obituary: Lord Ashley
Champion of the disadvantaged
Jack Ashley was a tireless crusader. For more than 40 years, first as an MP and then a peer he fought for the rights of the underprivileged and the disadvantaged.
His efforts on behalf of the least fortunate in society won him the admiration and support of politicians from all parts of the political spectrum.
Jack Ashley was born in Widnes, Cheshire, on 6 December 1922.
With his father already dead, he left school at 14 to become the family's chief breadwinner and soon a leading trade unionist at his workplace in the chemical industry.
Sticking his neck out was nothing new for Jack Ashley. His first political act, aged 18, was to seek out the town clerk of Widnes and enquire about tenants' rights.
Armed with no qualifications, but with an enquiring mind and supreme organisational skills, Ashley was soon on the national executive of his union, and on the strength of this, won a scholarship to Oxford.
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End Quote Ed Miliband Labour leader
There are many millions of men and women with disabilities who will have better lives thanks to Jack Ashley
From there he went to Cambridge, where he became the first working-class President of the Union and Chairman of the Labour Club. He went to work for the BBC before deciding to stand for Parliament.
Mr Ashley entered the House of Commons in 1966, and soon began to make his mark as an irrepressible defender of the afflicted.
But soon after being elected MP for Stoke-on-Trent, he underwent a routine operation to correct a perforated eardrum and suffered a profound loss of hearing, "rather like being struck by lightning".
He prepared to resign his seat, but was persuaded instead to take a crash-course in lip-reading. Several weeks later he was back in the House, said to be the only totally deaf member of parliament in the world.
Improving hearing-aid technology meant he was increasingly able to participate in parliamentary debates, and champion his causes.
These were many and varied. Jack Ashley conducted high-profile campaigns on behalf of widows and battered wives, rape victims, disabled and mentally ill people.
He helped pioneer live captioning on television for deaf people.
And, most challengingly, he sought to help the victims of thalidomide.
Campaigning at Downing Street
A dedicated member of Labour and self-professed "political animal", Jack Ashley nevertheless was always prepared to work with other parties for the sake of his causes.
Scandalised by the fact that the thalidomide immunisation scheme was government sponsored, and yet the victims were not originally paid any kind of compensation, Ashley resigned from his post at the Department of Health and Social Security in protest.
He took on the Army in 1987, saying he had a dossier of bullying incidents that justified an independent investigation. But his claims were dismissed by other Government officials, and he was forced to apologise for what was called "a smear campaign".
In recent years he argued for Blue Badges to allow easy parking for people with autism, and he was still involved in high profile campaigning about thalidomide as recently as 2009.'Bloody minded'
Made a lord in 1992, Jack Ashley always decried his own achievements, saying, "I was simply bringing about changes in the working environment and in the places where people lived. I think mine was a pragmatic approach."
Of his many campaigns and successes, he explained that he "just happened to be there".
But his wife Pauline said the secret of his success was his bloody mindedness. Once he had taken up a cause, he was the proverbial dog with a bone, and would never give it up.
Labour leader Ed Miliband said: "There are many millions of men and women with disabilities who will have better lives thanks to Jack Ashley."