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US Army Fort Hood murder-suicide: Soldier kills three

April 3 2014 at 9:29 AM
Keith 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-26863033


US Army Fort Hood murder-suicide: Soldier kills three

Lt Gen Mark Milley describes the final moments before the gunman shot himself
Continue reading the main story
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A soldier shot dead three colleagues and injured 16 others at the US Army's Fort Hood base in Texas before killing himself, the military says.

US media named the suspect as Ivan Lopez, 34, although his identity has not been officially confirmed.

The gunman had served in Iraq and had mental health problems, officials said.

President Barack Obama said he was "heartbroken" over the attack. A gun rampage at the same base in 2009 left 13 soldiers dead and 32 wounded.

Maj Nidal Hasan was sentenced to death for that attack.

'Sacrifice'
US military spokesman Lt Gen Mark Milley told reporters that there was so far no indication that Wednesday's shootings were related to terrorism.


Barack Obama said he was "heartbroken" when he heard the news

Killeen Mayor Daniel Corbin says the community 'feels helpless'
He said the suspect had not been injured when he served in Iraq in 2011, but was being assessed to see if he had post-traumatic stress disorder.

The gunman was being treated for depression and anxiety, Gen Milley added.

The general said that it was not clear if the attack was premeditated and those wounded and killed were all members of the military.

Luci Hamlin and her husband Specialist Timothy Hamlin wait to be allowed back into the camp, 2 April
Luci Hamlin and her husband Specialist Timothy Hamlin wait to be allowed back into the camp
A 2009 satellite image of Fort Hood following the earlier shooting incident
A 2009 satellite image of Fort Hood following the earlier shooting incident
Car checks at Fort Hood, 2 April
The all clear has now been sounded
Fort Hood
The 2009 rampage left 13 soldiers dead
The soldier drove to two buildings on the base and opened fire before he was stopped by military police, in an incident that lasted between 15 and 20 minutes.

Continue reading the main story
Fort Hood

Created in 1942 out of 108,000 acres of Texas farming land and initially known as Camp Hood
Home to almost 95,000 troops at height of World War Two
Eight years after officially opened, Camp Hood became permanent military installation and was renamed Fort Hood
One of the largest military installations in the world, with nearly 65,000 soldiers
Divided into three sections: the main cantonment, West Fort Hood, and North Fort Hood.
Units from the base have been deployed to Afghanistan, Iraq and US hurricane relief operations
He then shot himself in the head with a .45-calibre semi-automatic pistol, Gen Milley said.

Officials say the weapon had been bought in a local store. Firearms are largely banned at US Army bases, with few soldiers besides military police allowed to carry them.

Mr Obama told reporters in Chicago: "I want to just assure all of us we are going to get to the bottom of exactly what happened."

Mr Obama said Ford Hood had sacrificed so much for freedom.

"We know these families. We know their incredible service to our country and the sacrifices that they make. Obviously our thoughts and prayers... are with the entire community," he said.

Defence Secretary Chuck Hagel called the shooting a "terrible tragedy".

Daniel Corbin, mayor of nearby Killeen in Texas, told the BBC he felt nearly "indescribable" grief for those involved.

"We pray for them when they are deployed. We try to take care of their families and we're really close as a community to Fort Hood," he said. "You wish you could, you know, give some immediate help, but you can't."

Map
Maj Hasan was sentenced to death last September over the 2009 rampage.

He claimed he opened fire at the army base to protect Taliban insurgents from US troops who were about to deploy to Afghanistan.

It was the deadliest attack on a domestic military installation in US history.

Are you in the area? Have you been affected? You can email us at havyoursay@bbc.co.uk using the subject line "Fort Hood".

Or you can get in touch using the form below.

 
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AuthorReply
Keith

The gunman was being treated for depression and anxiety, Gen Milley added.

April 3 2014, 9:30 AM 



    
This message has been edited by kendo41 on Apr 13, 2014 10:38 AM


 
 Respond to this message   
Keith

How is PTSD diagnosed?

April 12 2014, 7:19 PM 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-26867615



How is PTSD diagnosed?


[linked image]




Soldier kills three at US army base
A soldier who killed three colleagues and injured 16 others in a shooting at US Army base was being treated for depression and anxiety.

He was also being assessed for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

What is PTSD?
Post-traumatic stress disorder is an anxiety disorder caused by witnessing or being involved in a frightening or distressing event.

People naturally feel afraid when in danger, but the legacy of some traumatic events is a change in perception of fear.

They may feel stressed or frightened in day-to-day life.

What can trigger it?
Any traumatic event has the potential to lead to PTSD including:

military conflicts
serious road accidents
natural disasters
sexual assaults
muggings
People will be generally affected within one month of the event.

How is it diagnosed?
There is no blood test for PTSD, it instead relies on the judgement of a doctor speaking to their patient about their symptoms.

There must have been an initial traumatic event involving a close brush with death or serious violence.

There are then four criteria which must be present:

re-experiencing the event - commonly known as flashbacks
avoidance behaviour - people will not talk about the event and avoid anything that reminds them of it
sleep impact - they will have poor sleep quality and be irritable
mood change - commonly a perception that something bad is always about to happen
"This has to impair day-to-day function," said Neil Greenberg, a defence professor of mental health at the King's College London.

Is it easy to diagnose?
"With properly skilled doctors it can be very easy to diagnose, it could take a few hours," says Prof Greenberg.

But he says doctors must have a good suspicion of PTSD before starting to diagnose someone, as patients may not bring up their trauma history.

It can also be a challenge because some people deliberately "overinflate symptoms", sometimes for financial reasons, while others seek to avoid the stigma of a PTSD diagnosis.

How is it treated?
US PTSD treatment

[linked image]

Virtual reality simulator are used by the US military to help with the treatment of PTSD
For many people, the symptoms will go away within a month - but others will need psychotherapy or, if that fails, medication.

Cognitive behavioural therapy can help change the way people think about the traumatic event in order to control fear and anxiety.

This involves going through the event in detail with a therapist.

Antidepressants, such as paroxetine, are used if psychotherapy does not work.

Prof Greenberg, who also works with the UK Psychological Trauma Society, says treatment is still effective many years after the incident.

However, after such a long time the symptoms are very unlikely to clear up without treatment.

 
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Keith

Antidepressants, such as paroxetine, are used if psychotherapy does not work.

April 12 2014, 7:19 PM 



    
This message has been edited by kendo41 on Apr 13, 2014 10:39 AM


 
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