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THE RWD-13: A PICTORIAL STORY PART 2

February 20 2008 at 9:02 PM
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Peter Dupont  (Acceso PeterDupont)

 

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Here is part 2 of the pictorial story of the successful R.W.D. 13. I like to thank Juan Millan and Salvador Marín for some of the profiles they have put on Aeronet GCE some time ago. They were very helpful to make this story a little bit more colourful.



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In the middle of September 1939 it became obvious that Poland could not stop the German invasion and surrender was inevitable. A provisional plan was carried out to evacuate all useful civil aircraft and (women) pilots. Rumania was one of the final destinations and so it happened that until the 28th of August 1939 about 28 R.W.D. 13s of different types were handed over to the Rumanian authorities.

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1 – 3) RWD-13S of Escuadrila Alba around 1941, flown by women pilots.

So Rumania became the biggest foreign user of R.W.D. 13s. According to the Air Enthusiast issue no. 64 of July/October 1996 23 RWD-13s and 5 RWD-13S’s were involved, of which 17 were used as military and 5 as civil aircraft. They were used intensively both as sanitary as a communication aircraft.

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4 – 8) Identification code numbers 2 and 3 of Escuadrila Alba.

After the war negotiations were undertaken to return the serviceable evacuated Polish aircraft to Poland and when Rumania agreed at least these four were flown back from 1947 onwards:
1. A R.W.D.13S was demonstrated in Warsaw on the 7th of September 1947 still wearing its Rumanian markings with identification number " 2 ". This aircraft was refurbished from a sanitary to a civil version by the Experimental Aviation Workshop in Lodz by removing its sanitary door and equipment. It was used by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from august to March 1955.
2. Flown back by W. Kasprzyk and W. Pełka., it initially flew with the Rumanian civil registration YR-BMT on the hull and full Rumanian markings and identification number " 9 " In April 1950 it got the civil registration SP-ARG and remained in service until december 1953.
3. In May 1950 another Rumanian RWD-13 with identification code " 5 " was incorporated which got the civil code SP-ARH and was used until December 1953.
4. Identification code " 6 ‘’ was an ex LOT aircraft which got the civil code SP-ARL in August 1951. In December 1953 it was taken off the civil registry, was restored to pre-war configuration and is now visible in the Museum of Polish Aviation at Cracow with the registration SP-BNU.

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9 – 14)

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15 – 18) RWD-13s in the newly adopted Rumanian markings after the onslaught of the Rumanian government to choose the side of the Allies.

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The only Swedish R.W.D.13S got the (unofficial) designation Tp 11. It arrived at the Air Force in an unusual way. It landed at the island of Gotland on the 14th of September 1939, two weeks after the German occupation of Poland. The pilot's name was Edmund Jereczek. He was a pilot (podporucznik - 2nd lieutenant) of Pluton Lacznikowy (Liaison Platoon) from Dowodztwo Ladowej Obrony Wybrzeza (Coastal Ground Defence Command), organized in Kepa Oksywska (near Gdynia) in first days of September 1939. The airmen and aircraft in this unit were from civil Aeroklub Gdanski (Gdansk Aero Club). The RWD-13 aircraft also carried a passenger, Jereczek’s fellow officer Nowacki. The two men were allowed to stay in Sweden. Jereczek, however, travelled already in October to the United Kingdom, where he served in the RAF during the whole WWII as a pilot and flying instructor.

The aircraft carried the Polish registration SP-BML (C/N 216). On juridical grounds, the aircraft could not officially be incorporated in the Swedish Air Force. Still, it was painted with Swedish national markings and used as a target aircraft. Civil pilots from Svenska Aero AB flew it.

After the war the Tp 11 got the civil Swedish registration SE-AOF. It was used until 1951, when it burned down at Stockholm after a crash.

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So far part 2. Next time the last, but not the least, the R.W.D. in Spain.

Sources:
Aeronet GCE (http://www.network54.com/Forum/520549/thread/1157988403/RWD+13.........Continuacion+a+un+post+de+GCE
Air Serbia website: ( http://vvkj.airserbia.com/avioni/prikaz.php?av=Rogožarski RWD-13/RWD-13S )
Air War Russia website (http://www.airwar.ru/enc/law1/rwd13.html : picture 1
Eric Henriksson’s website (http://www.avrosys.nu/aircraft/Transport/261Tp11.htm
Luftwaffe Experten Message Board (http://www.luftwaffe-experten.org/forums/index.php?showtopic=1014


 
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Respuestas

  1. Thanks so much .Peter....... - Juan Millan on Feb 20, 2008, 9:34 PM
    1. Hola amigo.... - Peter Dupont on Feb 22, 2008, 6:56 PM
     
  2. Un gran trabajo una vez más. Muchísimas gracias Peter. - Salvador Marín on Feb 21, 2008, 10:02 AM
    1. Gracias Salva - Peter Dupont on Feb 22, 2008, 7:00 PM
     
  3. COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT - Robert on Apr 4, 2013, 8:41 PM
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