Having gone through this PILE of JFK videos...~~ (If the page is too wide, hit Cntrl and - to make it smaller)...
I've been aware of the grassy knoll shooter for a long time, mind you -since back in the OLiver Stone/JFK movie days- and I've watched the Zapruder film many times but there was always "something" that bothered me about the theory and footage.
You remember that phrase, "back and to the left" repeated in the Stone movie numerous times to emphasize that Kennedy's body was thrown backwards and to the left side? This observation SHOULD have clued people in to the fact that the final shot did NOT come from behind Kennedy ... or it would simply have driven him forward. (The second shot, just a few moments after he reached for his throat ... DID come from the back and that's when you see his hands drop away from his throat and he moved forward, in the video. There's a fairly long delay after that before the final shot hits him in the head).
Yet, there was a "small" problem in the Zapruder film as well and that was ... there was obvious evidence of blood and tissue coming out toward the FRONT of his face. No missile striking from the front, driving a mass backward, would throw blood and tissue forward. That's JUST as absurd as a bullet striking from behind, driving a body backward.
Here's a sequence of frames lifted from the Zapruder film ...
If you reference the BACK of Kennedy's head to see what position it has retained or moved to, the top 3 frames look relatively right. The second frame shows the bottom back of his head in pretty well the same position, at the moment of impact, as the first frame. The TOP of his head -the reflective shine, is missing in frame 2 though ... and so is the point -the rooster tail part- at the back top of his head missing. IGNORE the white blob directly in his face, and you see what all the close witnesses described: the TOP and BACK of his head blew off ... with a conical spray of tissue going up and back from his head toward the trunk of the limo, and also hitting a policeman driving to the rear left of the limo.
The white blob in the front of his face has evidently been faked into the Zapruder film in all locations. With such a blast directly in front of his face, there would be severe damage to his face ... and there was none.
Look at the left frame in the second row. Jackie has ALREADY pulled away with a horrified look on her face and Jack is sitting in pretty much the same position as in frame 1 ... except that MOST of his head and ALL of his face .... is missing! You see the back of his head and his ear and behind that, Jackie's shoulder ... and that's all!!
Then look at the last frame. Jackie has now lifted her right hand away from his shoulder but yet, her face is still more in the position of frame 1 than it is of any of the other subsequent frames ... and ... CERTAINLY NOT in the advanced position of frame 4. What IS that last frame anyway? It' looks like a huge blob of indecipherable "something." There's no ear to be seen; it looks like his face has been turned into a mass of grey matter larger than his cranium could even hold.
These frames have been doctored up, messed up and probably even merged and re-arranged to give an illusion of something that never happened. There are likely even a lot of frames REMOVED in order to give the illusion of steady speed ... appearing to be about 15 mph.
Witnesses said the motorcade STOPPED or moved extremely slowly, at the time Kennedy was shot. They reported brake lights coming on. That makes sense because you see the SS agent SUDDENLY jump off of the running board of the following car and come up over the back of the Kennedy limo to "assist" Jackie. If the cars had truly been going at a steady clip of 15 mph as the Zapruder film seems to indicate ... there's no way the SS man could have done it that fast. He would have had to hit the ground running and then caught up with the lead car as well and JUMP HARD to make the back deck of the Kennedy vehicle.
Also, the very RAPID reaction of Jackie, after the head shot, is virtually impossible. It takes people about 2-3 seconds to react to something and Jackie has all her reacting happening in about 10 frames? I mean, there are 24 frames in a second but here we see Jackie, back off, look horrified, lift her hand away ... all in the space of about a half a second!?!
Here's a reconstruction of the head wound with trajectory ... as unanimously agreed upon by all the close witnesses and hospital workers who talked.
Look at the line of the trajectory. Yes, he's "made" it to be slightly inclined -from the top, going down- but he ALSO has the model head sitting perfectly upright or vertical. We know that Kennedy was slumped forward with his head already facing downward.
When you couple the center shot of the above strip with the frame underneath, you can easily see that the shot would have had to come from somewhere -at least- level with his head or from somewhere down on the road. Yet, Groden and others are totally convinced that the shot came from behind the fence on the grassy knoll.
Here's a frame from another video that shows the exact moment Kennedy was hit with that fatal head shot ... but from the other side. I've drawn an arrow from where the sniper allegedly fired, to the location of Kennedy's head.
The woman in the raincoat was in direct line of fire from the shooter on the grassy knoll and saw his gun smoke. She stated that she was in direct line of fire with Kennedy to the man up on the knoll, whose gun just finished smoking. That frame shows her in about persactly that position.
Ok, but you can easily see from that photo, that the bullet would have had to be inclined quite severely downward and would have come out of Kennedy's neck on bottom left side, driving him DOWN and not up and back, as the video (and witnesses) saw.
There's only one logical conclusion which fits the known trajectory and the impact energy transfer to Kennedy's head and body and that is ... the fatal shot came from somewhere down below, to his right and front. It couldn't have come from the grassy knoll.
So what location could possibly have fit the trajectory?
A storm sewer opening at the side of the road.
This 'pretty bad' photo shows the storm sewer opening in the curb. It's right at about the right location ... you can see the cop dismounted from his motorcycle and people starting to run up the grassy knoll to catch the shooter up there.
Just above this curb slot was a manhole cover in the sidewalk. The shooter obviously DIDN'T come up out of that manhole but was able to work his way through the sewer line to the back, into the railroad yard ... and then come out through a manhole back there.
So them's the facts folks ... according to the evidence ... and the ONLY thing that fits the trajectory and the movement of Kennedy's body, is for the shot to have come from that storm sewer location. So any confessions you hear from snipers being up at the top of the grassy knoll are either fabricated or ... are not accurate. It's quite likely that there were up to 10 shooters placed all over the place and for shots to have occurred simultaneously but the "big one" came from down by the storm sewer.
The very FIRST shot to hit Kennedy in the throat was from the front as well but it didn't penetrate very far -only about an inch or so. This has been verified by hospital workers in Dallas and subsequent other-hospital worker testimony from Bethesda hospital in (Maryland?). Now THAT'S a puzzle because these snipers wouldn't have been using .22's or BB guns. Why didn't that shot go through, to his spine? I have a hunch that the bullet went through Connolly's wrist first and slowed that bullet significantly. If you look very carefully at the Zapruder film, just as they emerge from behind the sign, there's a blur of Connolly's right hand going up, with Kennedy's right hand JUST changing from waving to going for his throat. It seems that Connolly got his hand up in the air at precisely the moment the sniper squeezed off his shot.
Connolly didn't even realize that he'd been hit in the wrist until after he came out of emergency for his main wound to the ribs and chest.
And it might sound crazy that the Zapruder film could have been doctored because it was -after all- a MOVIE ... which meant that each frame would have had to be INDIVIDUALLY altered and done skillfully enough to give the illusion of smooth continuity.
But we DO know that the autopsy photos were totally faked. What they show doesn't even slightly resemble what witnesses and workers saw with their own eyes. If they did that with autopsy photos, there's little reason to believe that they would have left the Zapruder film intact.
Abraham Zapruder had his film developed within hours and SOLD it immediately ... to Time-Life magazine. He was paid enough money, he never kept his own copy of it. A duplicate went to the FBI. Time-Life sat on that video for years without releasing its contents. So-o ... it's not stretching the imagination too much to believe that the ORIGINAL has never been released or seen by anyone in the public domain.