US Artillery questionsOctober 24 2011 at 5:10 AM
|Marwin Albertema (Login MarwinAlbertema)|
from IP address 126.96.36.199
I have some questions regarding US artillery, specifically about the 155mm howitzer M1:
- if a crew used the Diamond-T 968A cargo truck as a prime mover for their gun would they carry some 155mm rounds in the truck when on the move or would all ammunition be collected and transported in other trucks (there was no crane on the Diamond-T to lift the heavy rounds in and out of the truck)?
- was the driver of the prime mover truck (when using a truck instead of the M5 HST) part of the gun crew?
- sometimes on the 155mm howitzer gun breech markings were stencilled, like MIN. EL. The crew could add numbers in chalk to inidicate elevation etc.
I do understand the meaning of most markings but does anyone know what XOR BAR could mean?
Hope some artillery experts here can answer my questions.
a few answers
|October 24 2011, 12:03 PM |
Loose rounds probably would not be carried in the truck when shifting battery positions. The truck has to carry a lot of stuff, not only crew but section chests, innumerable shovels, tarps, and all sorts of crap. Loose rounds tend to roll around, and hundred-pound foot-smashers are not a good idea at high speeds or on rough ground.
The driver is not part of the gun crew; after emplacement the prime mover truck is usually used to haul replenishment ammo to the new position. With that said, in the 60s/70s we often had gun crewmen who were on the sick lame and lazy list replaced by clerk-typists and yes, truck drivers. They tended to do some of the damnedest things. My favorite was the clerk-typist who was quickly trained to set fuzes one night. A mission came down for "fuze quick" (impact-detonated), and high elevation. The first round from his gun exploded in the air just in front of the battery. After much running and cursing, it turned out that he looked around, found no time fuzes, so he took a time fuze and set it to zero. The built-in safety detent (used to produce close-range in extremis airbursts when defending against infantry assault) worked as intended. When questioned, he explained that zero seemed "quick enough".
The marking is a mystery to me.
Thanks Ed, very useful information!
|October 24 2011, 1:19 PM |
thanks for the information. I expected that the 155mm rounds were not carried in the truck when moving positions but was not sure. The gear of the 11 crewmembers, the driver and maybe some supporting personell like medics etc would take up most of the cargo bed already. Good to know the driver was not part of the crew, that means adding one more crew figure to my build.
Bear in mind
|October 24 2011, 2:09 PM |
that guns often operated with fewer than the rated number of crew. Unrated men would be used to fill out crews when needed for heavy action, but period photos also show many instances of guns with limited crews as the result of casualties, injuries, men being detailaed off to other duties, and such. In some cases - for example H&I fire - a few men might stroll out to fire off a few, while everyone else napped. I've seen guns firing with only three men.
|Current Topic - US Artillery questions|