The Essence of Liberty: Part 205 (1)
Dr. Jimmy T. (Gunny) LaBaume
A Summary of Gutzman, Kevin R.C. The Politically Incorrect Guide to the Constitution
(The book is available from the Ludwig von Mises Institute at http://www.mises.org
Chapter 2: Federalism vs. Nationalism at the Philadelphia Convention
A vision of national government: The Virginia Plan
James Madison decided to push for abandonment of the federal experiment. He encouraged his fellow delegates to arrive in Philadelphia several days early so that Virginia would be ready to present its plan at the beginning of the convention. These proposals came to be known as the Virginia Plan.
The first thing the convention did when it opened, after appointing George Washington to preside, was to vote to close the doors so the public would not know what was being discussed.
The Virginia Plan outlined a national/central government with all the power any national official could want. As we have seen, the people were averse to such a government. This explains why the convention operated in secret and its minutes were kept secret for years.
Fortunately, some delegates kept notes. Notable of these is New York 's Robert Yates. From him we learn that Edmund Randolph (governor of Virginia) explained the Virginia plan with 3 resolutions: 1) that a mere confederation of the states could not accomplish the goals of the Articles of Confederation; 2) that no treaty among the sovereign states could provide for their common defense; and 3) that a national government, consisting of a supreme legislative, executive and judicial branches, was what was needed.
At that point, a delegate objected that the convention's purpose was to amend the confederationnot to create a national government. Further, the question arose as to what was meant by the word supreme. The answer was that, should there be a conflict between the two, the states would yield to the federal government. At that point, the convention proceeded to adopt resolutions concerning a national legislature and executive.
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Jimmy T. LaBaume, PhD, ChFC is a full professor teaching economics and statistics in the School of Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences, Sul Ross State University, Alpine, TX. He does not speak for Sul Ross State University. Sul Ross State University does not think for him.
Dr. LaBaume has lived in Mexico and spent extended periods of time in South and Central America as a researcher, consultant and educator.
Gunny LaBaume is a decorated veteran of the Vietnam War and Desert Storm. His Marine Corps career spanned some 35 years intermittently from 1962 until 1997 when he refused to re-enlist with less than 2 years to go to a good retirement. In his own words, he simply got tired of being guilty of treason.
He is also currently the publisher and managing editor of FlyoverPress.com, a daily e-source of news not seen or heard anywhere on the mainstream media. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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