a few more historical detailsAugust 28 2017 at 7:10 PM
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|Nelson (no login)|
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For those who do not know or have forgotten, both of these men would survive their experiences as prisoners of war, being liberated in August 1945.
Luitenant-Generaal Hein ter Pooten was a true islander, born in Buitenzorg (now Bogor), Java, on November 21, 1887. As CiC KNIL and General Officer Commanding ABDAGround (some sources designate this Allied component as ABDALand), it fell to him to surrender the Allied military forces in the NEI on March 8, 1942. Soon after liberation, he moved to the Netherlands, and believing himself to be a scapegoat for the Allied disaster in the Dutch East Indies, resigned from military service in late February 1946. Ter Poorten died in The Hague, aged 80, on January 15, 1968.
Governor-General Alidius T. van Starkenborgh Stachouwer, on the other hand, was born to a noble family in Gronigen, Nederland, on March 7, 1888. He attained high civil rank in the home country and served there until 1936. Queen Wilhelmina appointed him as governor-general of the NEI in September of that year. Although he refused special treatment by the Japanese in March 1942, which would in effect have placed him under house arrest at home with his family,* he was nonetheless confined in various camps for military and civil officers of high rank and prestige, finally being liberated from one in Manchuria (one of his fellow campmates was Lieut. Gen. Jonathan Wainwright, who had found himself in equally unenviable circumstances). Returning to the home country, he served as the ambassador to France from 1945 to 1948, and thereafter as the Dutch representative to NATO from 1950 to 1956. Starkenborgh Stachouwer died in Wassenaar, Nederland, aged 90, on August 16, 1978.
*Ironically and bitterly, his principled decision then led to the consigning of his wife and family to an internment camp.