Eric, it's very difficult to make all of these determinations by just looking at the outside of the engine.
In the first place, parts could have been...and probably were...changed in the 37+ years since the last of these motors was factory assembled.
Next, there's a great deal of 'grey area' when it comes to determining exactly which specific engine a part (casting number, etc) should have come on. Many of the 410 Merc, 428 Passenger, and 428 Police Interceptor engines used blocks, cranks, rods, pistons, and heads, with the same casting numbers.
The head casting numbers you gave earlier indicate they were not CJ heads, and there isn't enough difference between the passenger and PI heads to worry about. Nor is there any significant difference between a lot of the other parts.
The CJ's and PI's used a better connecting rod than the 410/428 Pass engines, but even those standard rods are more than adequate for most usage when equipped with premium rod bolts during a rebuild.
The early PI engines got a solid lifter cam from the 410 HP 427 engines, and the later ones used a 390GT/428CJ-type hydraulic cam. The 410 & 428 Pass motors used very mild hydraulic cams.
The CJ's used a high-rise, cast iron intake manifold (C8OE-C), and a 735cfm Holley 4-Bbl carb. The PI's used a high-rise aluminum intake, and a 600cfm Holley. The Pass engines used an Autolite or Motorcraft carb, on a low-rise cast iron intake.
Get some of the numbers off of the components of your motor, and post them here. As best they can, people will identify what it's likely they came off of originally. But the only way to positively know what you have, is to at least partly dismantle the motor for a look!
All of the 410/428 motors were rated at 10.5:1 or 10.6:1 compression ratios, and probably delivered closer to 10:1. Calculating your actual ratio would require a knowledge of the combustion chamber cc's, piston dish, deck height, head gasket thickness, and swept volume of the cylinders. "In theory, theory and reality are the same. In reality, they are not!"