PRESENTED TO THE CONGRESS
OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
REGARDING CHANGED CIRCUMSTANCES
ARISING FROM U.S. NUCLEAR TESTING
IN THE MARSHALL ISLANDS
THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES SENATE
THE SPEAKER OF THE UNITED STATES HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF
THE MARSHALL ISLANDS (RMI)
PURSUANT TO ARTICLE IX OF THE NUCLEAR CLAIMS
SETTLEMENT APPROVED BY CONGRESS IN
PUBLIC LAW 99-239
September 11, 2000
Support for further medical surveillance and radiological monitoring activities, including tracer chemicals and toxic materials
[177 AgreementU.S.] provide $150 million to the RMI to create a Fund that, over a 15-year period of the Compact, was intended to generate $270 million in proceeds for disbursement "as a means to address past, present and future consequences of the U.S. Nuclear Testing Program, including the resolution of resultant claims" [Preamble of the 177 Agreement].
Under Article II, Section 1 (a) of the 177 Agreement, $3 million was provided to the RMI for medical surveillance and radiological monitoring activities. Those funds were used to conduct a nationwide radiological survey, a medical examination program in the outer islands, and a thyroid study on Ebeye Island. While valuable information was obtained from these activities, such as identification and treatment of radiogenic illnesses, the surveys indicate that thyroid and other radiation related illnesses are evident in populations that are presently unmonitored, yet the funds for medical surveillance are exhausted.
The health consequences of the U.S. Nuclear Testing Program are greater than originally suspected. Additionally, radiation from the testing program reached every corner of the Marshall Islands. Medical surveillance should have been, and should be targeted at monitoring frequencies of all real and potential health consequences of the testing program in a longitudinal fashion. It is only in this manner that a complete understanding of health trends and associations of specific illness and radiation can be appreciated. An onsite national health surveillance system needs to be developed, implemented, and sustained to monitor all health consequences of the nuclear weapons testing program for the next fifty years.
Gross inability of the 177 medical program to effectively address health consequences
Based on the inadequacy of funds for personal injury claims, property damage claims, and health consequences from the U.S Nuclear Testing Program, the RMI Government respectfully requests Congress to:
Paintings of Nuclear Testing Program
Excerpts from Chapter 5
From Bikini Island to Long Island