Does anyone know when the first muzzle brakes were developed? I've seen them on high-velocity artillery, mostly anti-tank artillery, made in the 1940s (mostly German ATA: 7.5 cm PAK, 8.8 cm PAK/FLAK, 12.8 cm FLAK) and on some small arms, notably the Cutts compensator on some Thompson guns and assorted muzzle brakes on anti-tank rifles (see the Boys rifle, for example) and on some fully automatic battle and assault rifles. Except for the Cutts compensator on the Thompsons I can't find a mention before the 1930s. Was the Cutts the first muzzle brake?
And, oh, does anyone know if any naval artillery ever had muzzle brakes fitted?