MEDAL OF HONOR SKYTRUCK


How To Model
MAJ Bernard G. Fisher's A1E Skyraider

By

Thomas McKelvey Cleaver


Internet  Modeler Aviation Editor

The Story:

In March 1966, Viet Cong troops laid siege to the Special Forces camp in the A Shau Valley in northern South Vietnam. After several firefights, they were so close to overrunning the place on 10 March that the Commanding Officer was shooting enemy soldiers in the head with his M16.

At the most critical moment, a flight of U.S. Air Force A1E Skyraiders arrived overhead and began bombing the enemy almost within arm's reach of the camp's American and South Vietnamese defenders. MAJ Dafford W. Myers, C.O. of the Qui Nhon detachment of the 602nd Fighter Squadron (Commando) was in aircraft 133867, when he was hit by enemy gunfire and forced to crash on the camp's unused runway, which was short and littered with rubble and debris. Overhead, MAJ Myers' wingman, MAJ Hubert G. King, was also hit, and blinded he was forced to leave the area. It seemed certain that Myers would be taken prisoner by the VC troops forcing their way through the wire.

Relief appeared at that moment in the shape of another flight of A1Es from the First Air Commando Squadron, led by MAJ Bernard G. Fisher. A softspoken Mormon family man from Kuna, Idaho, who did not drink, smoke or swear hardly the image of an Air Force fighter pilot Fisher made his run and dropped his ordnance, then set up for landing on a strip that was, according to the book, 1,000 feet too short for even a Skyraider to land on. He touched down and stood on the brakes as he swung the huge fighterbomber left and right past the debris and around the bomb and shell craters, all the time under fire and taking hits.

Fisher managed to come to a stop at the very end of the runway and turn around. He would have to taxi back to the other end, under fire, in order to take off into the wind which he would need to make it off the short strip.

As he taxied back, Myers ran from cover, leaped onto the airplane and dragged himself up onto the wing. Fisher reached over and pulled him into the right seat head first. Myers managed to strap in as they got to the other end of the runway and turned around. VC troops fired everything they had at the Skyraider as it gained flying speed and managed to lift off the runway just before running out of runway.

MAJ Bernard G. Fisher became the first member of the U.S. Air Force to win the Medal of Honor, America's highest award for valor, during the Vietnam War. He was one of two Skyraider pilots to be so honored, and both would achieve this by actions "above and beyond the call of duty" to save lives.

A1E Skyraider 132649, which Fisher flew on that mission, was a hangar queen which had crashed at Can Tho the year before, killing two Air Force pilots. It was later returned to Hurlburt AFB in Florida, where it became a trainer for new Spad drivers, before crashing again and being written off in 1970. It was found on the Hurlburt scrap heap a few years later, and when it was realized what airplane this was, it was completely rebuilt and now sits in pristine glory in the United States Air Force Museum in Dayton, Ohio, the only Medal of Honor aircraft to survive for museum preservation.

The Model:

I first saw an AD5 Skyraider at an airshow held at Buckley NAS in Denver, when I was a kid. It was big then, and it was still big a few years later when I ran across Skyraiders again in the U.S. Navy. And it was still big when when I saw the one Fighter Rebuilders restored out at Chino last year, the only one left in the United States besides Fisher's that has SEA combat time. While the "normal" Skytruck has a certain aeronautical gracefulness, the sidebyside Skyraider looks like a box with wings; but there's something about it I've always liked. I was very disappointed with the Matchbox offering, even though I made it with Monogram everything else but the fuselage. The marriage didn't really work, and the A1E drifted out of my collection. Last year I picked up another Matchbox kit at a show for a price so low as to be irresistable, thinking to try again, but it gathered dust once it arrived back home.

Then Tamiya released their marvelous A1H this year and after I built my first one, I started thinking that perhaps the marriage of Matchbox and Tamiya might not be that difficult. Scratchbuilding the cockpit was, however, more than I wanted to do at the time.

And then a box arrived in the mail. Inside was a review sample of a cast resin A1E cockpit from The Cobra Company, made directly from Bernie Fisher's airplane. The time had come to put a definitive A1E in my collection.

The Marriage:

After studying the kits and talking with other modelers who had the same idea, I realized radical surgery would be necessary. I cut the Tamiya kit as shown in the accompanying photograph, then cut the Matchbox fuselage to fit that section. I then cut out the lower dive brake area of the Matchbox kit to match that part of the Tamiya lower wing, and cut out the tail wheel well to fit the Tamiya part. With a bit of interior bracing with 10 mil sheet styrene, I set it aside to dry overnight.

                                            photo courtesy of Gene Korotky

Next day, I assembled the cockpit floor and rear sidewalls of the Cobra kit and inserted them in the Matchbox/Tamiya Fuselage along with the tail wheel well, then glued the fuselage halves together. I put on a lot of putty over the upper nose, and set it aside to dry overnight again.

After sanding out the upper fuselage nose to get the contours right, I had completed the hard part of the conversion. From this point on, I was putting together my Tamiya A1E. (I will note here that hardcore Skyraider modelers may want to modify the vertical fin of the Matchbox kit to get the proper Skyraider "cant," and more power to them. It wasn't something I felt compelled to do.)

As far as modifications go, the only other thing to do was the landing gear wells. I cut off the gear doors from the Tamiya parts and fitted the bulkheads in the gear wells. Using 20mil sheet styrene, I fashioned a plate to cover the gear well, then traced around a wheel and cut out the circular opening. I glued this in place and puttied it. I also put in some sheet styrene shims to change the shape of the forward opening of the gear well, as is correct for the A1E. After everything had dried and been sanded smooth, there was no more modification

The Cobra Company Cockpit:

The Cobra Company kit provides a full cockpit interior, with two seats, instrument side and center panels, cockpit bulkhead, padded walls for the rear cockpit, a very nice twopiece instrument panel, control sticks, and gunsight in crisplycast resin. I followed Cobra's instructions as far as assembly and painting was concerned, since their instructions are for the Fisher Skyraider. Everything assembles quickly per the easilyunderstood instructions and looks right. I cut off the rear section of the Matchbox canopy and sprayed it with GunzeSanyo "Clear Blue" inside to get the "blue room" effect of tinted glass. This canopy is not accurate in shape, but is close enough. Other modelers might want to correct the shape with putty and then vacuform the result. I did vacuform the forward canopy, using my new old Mattel vacuformer, since the kit canopy is much too thick to use with the Cobra cockpit. The result was so crisp and clear after it was dipped in Future that I decided it was unnecessary to open it and spoil the lines of the canopy.

Final Assembly:

I did cut off the forward 1/16 inch of the horizontal stabilizer tab, so I could insure proper fit. "Proper fit" means that the trailing edge of the horizontal stabilizer is just even with with leading edge of the rudder.

The wings fit with no problem, and I set the flaps in the up position, which is correct for a Skyraider parked on the ground. I attached the wing pylons, cutting off the pegs of the inboard wing pylons. The Matchbox forward gear fairing doors are correct for the A1E, and the modeler should note things will look wrong if the Tamiya forward fairing door is used.

Painting the Model:

I painted the airplane overall Light Aircraft Grey, using GunzeSanyo H57. I then masked off the antiglare panel and instrument panel cover, and painted them black, as well as masking and painting the large black areas on the fuselage the Air Force put on to try and "clean up" the dirty exhaust of the Skyraider's R3350 engine. I painted the wheel well interiors white and the landing gear and wheel hubs (the spoked hub option) with silver. I shot the result with Future and let it dry thoroughly.

Decals:

Fortunately, Fisher's airplane was very generic, since there are no decals available of this aircraft. I used a Third Group Decals Skyraider Stencil sheet for grey aircraft, which also provided the prominent yellow rescue arrows and proper national insignia. I used SuperScale numbers for the 132649 on the rudder, with smaller numbers from the same sheet and a "U.S. Air Force" from a Korean Mustangs sheet for the understabilizer markings. I used the straightangle "2" off the Aeromaster USAF Numbers sheet for the individual number on the cowling. Once everything was dry, I washed the model, dried it, and reshot with Future. When this dried, I used Future mixed with Tamiya "flat" to flatten out the gloss, emphasizing the flatness on upper surfaces for weathering and sunfading of the paint.

Finishing:

There is no available information or photos of 132649 to determine its look and ordnance load. Fortunately, Byron Hukee, webmaster of The Skyraider Association website, put me in touch with Bernie Fisher, and he told me the load that day was eight 500lb. HE on the outer pylons, two 750lb. HE on the inner pylons, and the standard centerline drop tank. He also said the airplane was "filthy, the dirtiest one in the squadron." Armed with this information, I used Accurate Miniatures 500lb bombs from an Avenger I didn't arm (WW2/Korean era "fat bombs" were used by AF Skyraiders in Vietnam almost exclusively until after the bomb shortage of 196566), and two 750lb bombs from the spares box. Guided by photos of "dirty" A1Es, I greasedup this airplane in a similar manner to that described in detail in the A1H article published in the May 1998 Navismagazine.com.

Conclusions:

Given the engineering of the Tamiya Skyraider kit, it is not illogical that they would bring out an A1E of their own and save the modeler the grief of having to cut open that beautiful kit's fuselage. Additionally, the Matchbox kit is long out of production and can only be found on dealer's tables at model shows. One can probably expect the price to go up as that kit becomes more desireable for this conversion, so if this is what you want to do, grab it when you can find it. At an MSRP of US$30 for the Tamiya kit, and US$18.95 for the Cobra Company cockpit, with a likely price of $10 up for the Matchbox kit when you can find it, this is not an inexpensive project. I am certain that even if Tamiya does make an A1E, the discerning modeler will still want the Cobra Company interior, given its quality. I am told Cobra will also release a version of this with the Yankee seats, for those who want to do a later version of the Skyraider Built For Two (or more).

Overall, this was a fun project that stretched my skills, and I am happy with the outcome.